The Patria disaster on 25 November 1940 was the sinking by the Haganah of a French-built ocean liner in the port of Haifa, in which 260 people were killed and 172 injured.
At the time of the sinking, the Patria was carrying around 1,800 Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe who were being deported by the British to Mauritius, because they did not possess entry permits. The deportation was opposed by Zionist organizations including the underground paramilitary Haganah group, which planted a bomb with the intention of disabling the ship to prevent it from leaving Haifa.
However, the Haganah miscalculated the effects of the explosion and the bomb caused the ship to sink in less than 16 minutes, trapping hundreds in the hold. The survivors were subsequently permitted to remain in Palestine on humanitarian grounds. Who was responsible and the true reason why the Patria sank remained controversial mysteries until 1957, when Munya Mardor, the person who placed the bomb, published a book about his experiences.
Other articles related to "patria disaster, patria":
... The surviving refugees from the Patria, together with the remaining 1,560 passengers of the Atlantic, were taken to the Atlit detention camp ... Later, after an international campaign, the survivors of the Patria were given permits to remain in Palestine ... the loss of life had not been in vain, as the Patria's survivors had been allowed to stay in the country ...
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