In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth rank, i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on the same file nor on an adjacent file. A passed pawn is sometimes colloquially called a passer. Passed pawns can be an advantage because only the opponent's pieces can prevent them from promoting.
In the diagram at right, the white pawns on b5, c4, and e5 are passed pawns. Black's pawn on d4 is a passed pawn. If Black plays fxg4, then Black will also have a passed pawn on g4, and White will have a passed pawn on f4.
Other articles related to "passed pawns, passed pawn, pawn, pawns, passed":
... Siegbert Tarrasch (1862–1934) stated the "rule" that rooks should be placed behind passed pawns – either yours or your opponent's ... The idea behind the guideline is that (1) if a player's rook is behind his passed pawn, the rook protects it as it advances, and (2) if it is behind an opponent's passed pawn, the ... the most important rule is one laid down by the author The Rook's place is behind the passed pawn behind the enemy pawn in order to hold it up, behind one's own in order to support its advance." This "r ...
8 1 ... a b c d e f g h White wins with either side to move A pawn which cannot be blocked or captured by enemy pawns in its advance to promotion is a passed ... In the diagram at right, White has a protected passed pawn on c5 and Black has an outside passed pawn on h5 ... Because endgames are often won by the player who can promote a pawn first, having a passed pawn in an endgame can be decisive - especially a protected ...
... "A passed pawn is a criminal which should be kept under lock and key ... Mild measures, such as police surveillance, are not sufficient." - Aron Nimzowitsch ...
... Knight and pawn endgames feature clever maneuvering by the knights to capture opponent pawns ... While a knight is poor at chasing a passed pawn, it is the ideal piece to block a passed pawn ... Knights cannot lose a tempo, so knight and pawn endgames have much in common with king and pawn endgames ...
Famous quotes containing the words pawn and/or passed:
“In ceremonies of the horsemen,
Even the pawn must hold a grudge.”
—Bob Dylan [Robert Allen Zimmerman] (b. 1941)
“A good wif was ther ofbiside bathe,
But she was somde, deef, and that was scathe.
Of clooth makyng the hadde swich an haunt,
She passed hem of Ypres and of Gaunt.”
—Geoffrey Chaucer (1340?1400)