The Pashtun people are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and the second largest in Pakistan. Pashtun, (also called ethnic Afghan) tribes are divided into four supertribal confederacies: the Arbanee (Sarabani), Betanee (Baitani), Gharghasht, and Karlanee (Krai, Kerlani).
Traditionally, according to folklore, all Pashtuns are said to have descended, at the time of the introduction of Islam, from the tribe of Qais Abdur Rashid, who died in 662 CE, and his three sons: Saraban, Batan and Ghurghusht. Karrān or Karlān was said to be the ancestor of the fourth branch. Estimates of the number of Pashtun tribes and clans range from about 350 to over 400.
- Achakzai (Assakzai)
- Atmaanzai (Utmanzai)
- Barais (Barech)
- Hassan Zai
- Balailzai (Panni)
- Kheshgai (Khaishagi)
- Mohammadzai (Zirak)
- Mullakhel (Mullakhail)
- Mohmand (Momand)
- Niazi (Ghilzai)
- Tareen (Tarin)
Other articles related to "pashtun, pashtuns, pashtun tribes, tribes, tribe":
... Further information Pashtun people, List of Pashtuns, and Pashtun tribes The Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising 42-60% of the country's population ... After the rise of the Hotaki dynasty in 1709 and the Durrani Empire in 1747, Pashtuns expanded by forming communities north of the Hindu Kush and else where in Afghanistan ... Smaller populations of Pashtuns are also found in the eastern section of Iran, next to the border with Afghanistan ...
... for decades and would continue to cause friction for many more — authority over Pashtun tribes on both sides of the Durand Line ... The British refused to concede Afghan control over the tribes on the British side of the line while the Afghans insisted on it ... asylum in Kabul, and also when he sought to stir up unrest among the Pashtun tribes across the border ...
... See also Theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites and Dasht-e Yahudi Some anthropologists lend credence to the oral traditions of the Pashtun tribes themselves ... For example, according to the Encyclopaedia of Islam, the theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites is traced to Maghzan-e-Afghani who compiled a history for Khan-e-Jehan Lodhi in the reign of Mughal Emperor ... Another book that corresponds with Pashtun historical records, Taaqati-Nasiri, states that in the 7th century BC a people called the Bani Israel ...
... Tribe Subtribes Clans of Tribe Division of Clans Subdivision Section of Subdivision Minor Fractions Other Fractions Zaimukht Khoidad Khel Mamozai Zmarai Zimri Anzra Khel ... Khan was also from sherwani (srawni) sub tribe of zarkoon ... And great hero of Pashtun history Zharak Khan Chormi was also from sub-tribe Srawini of zarkoon tribes ...
... People become Pashtunized when they settle in Pashtun dominated areas and adopt Pashtun culture, either by adapting Pashto language or absorbing Pashtunwali ... form of cultural assimilation and has been taking place in Pashtun-populated regions of Afghanistan and Pakistan for several centuries ... to assimilate much of the culture and language of the Pashtun tribes already present there." —Craig Baxter, Library of Congress Country Studies The Khilji were originally Turkic tribes ...
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