Orpheus ( /ˈɔrfiːəs/ or /ˈɔrfjuːs/; Ancient Greek: Ὀρφεύς) was a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth. The major stories about him are centered on his ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music, his attempt to retrieve his wife, Eurydice, from the underworld, and his death at the hands of those who could not hear his divine music. As an archetype of the inspired singer, Orpheus is one of the most significant figures in the reception of classical mythology in Western culture, portrayed or alluded to in countless forms of art and popular culture including poetry, opera, and painting.
For the Greeks, Orpheus was a founder and prophet of the so-called "Orphic" mysteries. He was credited with the composition of the Orphic Hymns, a collection of which survives. Shrines containing purported relics of Orpheus were regarded as oracles. Some ancient Greek sources note Orpheus's Thracian origins.
Other articles related to "orpheus":
... (Ancient Greek τὰ Λίβηθρα or Λείβηθρα) was a city close to Olympus where Orpheus was buried by the Muses ... Macedonia, not far from which city is the tomb of Orpheus ... that when the sun should see the bones of Orpheus, then the city of Libethra would be destroyed by a boar ...
... After Orpheus has failed to save his wife Eurydice from the underworld, he renounces wine and the love of women ... Bacchus who urges his female followers, the Maenads, to kill Orpheus ... The gods want the dead Orpheus to join them on Olympus but Orpheus wants to be reunited with Eurydice in Hades ...
... The Orpheus motif has permeated Western culture and has been used as a theme in all art forms ... Partridge's music and spoken-word recording Orpheus the Lowdown ... Judge Smith based his most recent Songstory on the ancient myth of Orpheus ...
1701 – John Weldon – Orpheus and Euridice 1715 – Johann Fux – Orfeo ed Euridice 1722 – Georg Caspar Schürmann – Orpheus 1726 – Georg ... François-Hippolyte Barthélémon – The Burletta of Orpheus 1775 – Antonio Tozzi – Orfeo ed Euridice 1776 – Ferdinando Bertoni – Orfeo ed Euridice (to the same libretto as Gluck's more ...
... Claudio Monteverdi's opera L'Orfeo, where Orpheus attempts to persuade Charon to allow him to pass into Hades and find Euridice ... At the start of the Act, Hope (Speranza, sop.) has guided Orpheus to the banks of the Styx, where, at the sign 'Abandon all hope, ye who enter', she can go no further ... Orpheus' way is barred by Charon, who explains that no living body shall enter his boat ...
Famous quotes containing the word orpheus:
“So Orpheus did for his owne bride,
So I unto my selfe alone will sing,
The woods shall to me answer and my Eccho ring.”
—Edmund Spenser (1552?1599)
“Or bid the soul of Orpheus sing
Such notes as, warbled to the string,
Drew iron tears down Plutos cheek,
And made Hell grant what love did seek;”
—John Milton (16081674)