Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary - Insignia


  • Grand Cross – For ceremonial purposes, a full set of robes were prescribed, following the tradition of other orders, such as the Austrian and Spanish Orders of the Golden Fleece and Great Britain’s Order of the Garter. The robes were crimson and green, and were lined with ermine. A collar of gold was worn about the neck and shoulders, with the badge of the Order suspended from the collar. For normal occasions and every-day wear, a sash of crimson, edged with green, was worn over the right shoulder and extended to the left hip, the distinctive badge of the Order suspended from the sash at the hip. An eight-pointed star was worn on the left breast. During the waning days of the monarchy, especially during the Great War, a less formal option was also authorized, whereby a miniature (a so-called “kleine decoration”) of the breast star was affixed to the center of the ribbon of an ordinary knight’s cross, and was worn on the left breast with other orders and military medals, in order of precedence.
  • Knight Commanders – wore the badge of the Order at the throat, suspended from the crimson edged with green ribbon about the neck. During the Great War, the informal wear of the miniature, gold, Crown of Saint Stephen kleine decoration was worn on an ordinary knight’s cross, to delineate them from ordinary knights and Grand Cross knights, and worn on the left breast with other orders and military medals, in order of precedence.
  • Knights – wore the badge of the Order, suspended from a tri-fold ribbon of crimson, edged in green, on the left breast with other orders and military medals, in order of precedence.

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Insignia or insigne pl -nia or -nias (in Latin, insignia is the plural of singular insigne: emblem, symbol, ensign, badge of honor) : a symbol or token of personal power, status or office, or of an official body of government or jurisdiction. An insignia is usually the emblem of a specific or general authority.

Typical examples of insignia are:

  • Badges
  • Cockades
  • Coats of arms and Heraldry
  • Crowns
  • Ensigns
  • Flags of a country or state
  • Military aircraft insignia
  • Military rank and unit markings:
    • British Army officer rank insignia
    • British Army Other Ranks rank insignia
    • British Royal Air Force officer rank insignia
    • British Royal Air Force other rank insignia
    • British Royal Navy officer rank insignia
    • British Royal Navy ratings rank insignia
    • Croatian military ranks insignia
    • Nazi Party rank insignia
    • Polish Armed Forces rank insignia
    • U.S. Army officer rank insignia
    • U.S. Army enlisted rank insignia
    • U.S. Navy officer rank insignia
    • U.S. Navy enlisted rate insignia
    • United States Air Force enlisted rank insignia
    • United States Air Force officer rank insignia
    • United States Marine Corps enlisted rank insignia
    • United States Marine Corps officer rank insignia
  • Other National Emblems
  • Roundels
  • Seals
  • Shoulder patch, or shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI)

Official insignia are often protected by law as to allow their use only by people holding a specific office or staff members acting on behalf of such a person. Misuse, defacement and destruction of such symbols is considered an offense in many countries.

Military ranks and insignia by country
  • Egypt (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • South Africa
  • Tanzania
  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • Colombia
  • Cuba
  • Mexico (Army, Navy)
  • United States (Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard)
  • Venezuela
  • Burma
  • People's Republic of China (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Republic of China
  • India (Army, Air Force, Navy)
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Iraq
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Korea
  • Lebanon
  • Malaysia
  • Pakistan (Army, Air Force, Navy)
  • Philippines
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore
  • Sri Lanka (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Syria
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Imperial Japan (Army, Navy)
  • Albania
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Denmark (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France (Army, Navy, Gendarmerie, Air Force)
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland (Land Forces, Coast Guard)
  • Ireland (Army, Naval Service, Air Corps)
  • Italy (Army, Navy, Air Force, Carabineers)
  • Lithuania
  • Macedonia
  • Monaco
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Vatican
  • Austria–Hungary
  • East Germany
  • Nazi Germany (Army, Navy, Air Force, People's Militia, SA, SS)
  • Kingdom of Greece (Army, Navy, Air Force)
  • Soviet Union
  • Yugoslavia
  • Serbia and Montenegro
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
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