New York City Ethnic Enclaves
Since its founding in 1625 by Dutch traders as New Amsterdam, New York City has been a major destination for immigrants of many nationalities, naturally forming ethnic enclaves, neighborhoods dominated by one ethnicity. Freed African American slaves also moved to New York City in the Great Migration and the later Second Great Migration and formed ethnic enclaves. These neighborhoods are set apart from the main city by differences such as food, goods for sale, or even language. Ethnic enclaves provide inhabitants security in work and social opportunities, but limit economic opportunities, do not encourage the development of English speaking, and keep immigrants in their own culture. As of 2000, 36% of the population of New York City are immigrants. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York City, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. African Americans, Haitian Americans, Jamaican Americans and Trinidadian Americans have all formed ethnic enclaves in New York. Asian ethnic groups with enclaves in New York include Chinese Americans, Filipino Americans, Indian Americans, Pakistani Americans and Korean Americans. European ethnic groups with ethnic enclaves include German Americans, Greek Americans, Irish Americans, Italian Americans, Albanian Americans, and Jewish Americans. Latin American groups with ethnic enclaves include Dominican Americans, Guyanese, Mexican Americans, and Nuyoricans. Middle Eastern ethnic groups have also formed ethnic enclaves.
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