New Jersey (i/nuː ˈdʒɜrzi/) is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the U.S. state of New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania, and on the southwest by Delaware. New Jersey is the 4th least extensive, but the 11th most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 United States. New Jersey lies mostly within the sprawling metropolitan areas of New York City and Philadelphia. It is also the third wealthiest U.S. state by 2011 median household income.
The area was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes made the first European settlements. The British later seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey. It was granted as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. At this time, it was named after the largest of the British Channel Islands, Jersey, Carteret's birthplace. New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War.
In the 19th century, factories in cities such as Paterson, Newark, Trenton, and Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's position at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, and Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the 1950s and beyond.
Other articles related to "new jersey, jersey":
... A Town in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government ... Fifteen New Jersey municipalities currently have a type of Town, nine of which operate under the town form of government ...
... to Atlantic City, generally parallel to the Atlantic City Expressway, passing through the New Jersey Pine Barrens ... For most of its New Jersey run, it is known as the White Horse Pike ...
... Main article List of New Jersey state symbols State animal Horse (Equus caballus) State bird American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis) State freshwater fish Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) State dance ... dinosaur Hadrosaurus foulkii State soil Downer State color Buff and Jersey Blue State ship A ... Vaccinium corymbosum) State vegetable Jersey tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) State shell Knobbed whelk (Busycon carica gmelin) State memorial tree Dogwood (Cornus Florida) State ...
Famous quotes containing the word jersey:
“To motorists bound to or from the Jersey shore, Perth Amboy consists of five traffic lights that sometimes tie up week-end traffic for miles. While cars creep along or come to a prolonged halt, drivers lean out to discuss with each other this red menace to freedom of the road.”
—For the State of New Jersey, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)