Negro

The wordNegro” is used in the English-speaking world to refer to a person of black ancestry or appearance. The word negro denotes 'black' in the Spanish and Portuguese, derived from the ancient Latin word, niger, 'black', which itself ultimately is probably from a Proto-Indo-European root *nekw-, 'to be dark', akin to *nokw- 'night'.

"Negro" superseded "colored" as the most polite terminology, at a time when "black" was more offensive. This usage was accepted as normal, even by people classified as Negroes, until the later Civil Rights movement in the late 1960s. One well-known example is the identification by Martin Luther King, Jr. of his own race as 'Negro' in his famous 1963 speech I Have a Dream.

During the American Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, some black American leaders in the United States, notably Malcolm X, objected to the word, preferring Black, because they associated the word Negro with the long history of slavery, segregation, and discrimination that treated African Americans as second class citizens, or worse.

Since the late 1960s, various other terms have been more widespread in popular usage. These include "black", "Black African", "Afro-American" (in use from the late 1960s to 1990) and "African American" (used in the United States to refer to black Americans, peoples often referred to in the past as American Negroes).

The term "Negro" is still used in some historical contexts, such as in the name of the United Negro College Fund and the Negro league in sports.

The United States Census Bureau announced that "Negro" would be included on the 2010 United States Census, alongside "Black" and "African-American" because some older black Americans still self-identify with the term.

Read more about Negro:  In English, In Other Languages, See Also

Other articles related to "negro":

Message To The Grass Roots - Contents
1 The speech 1.1 A common enemy 1.2 The Black revolution and the Negro revolution 1.3 The house Negro and the field Negro 1.4 The March on Washington 2 Analysis 3 Legacy 4 ...
Negro - See Also
... Zanj Human skin color Race (classification of human beings) Free Negro Creole Mulatto Quadroon Coloured, Colored Nigger Euphemism treadmill Kaffer ...
Marcus Bruce Christian
... Marcus Bruce Christian (March 8, 1900 - November 21, 1976), was a New Negro regional poet, writer, historian and folklorist ... the still-unpublished manuscript, The History of The Negro in Louisiana during his stint at the Negro Federal Writers Project at Dillard University ...
Minneapolis Keystones
... While the Negro National League was not formed until 1920, the Keystones did have many top notch players, and at least one of them, Hurley McNair would go on to play with the Kansas ... Many researchers do not consider the Keystones a "formal" Negro League team ... Today, the Keystones are rarely mentioned in Negro baseball history, and stats and rosters are hard to find ...
Sur (film) - Plot
... A friend, "El-Negro", who was killed during the miliary coup, appears in the night with a special mission to help Floreal face what has happened when he was serving time in prison ... El-Negro helps him to live through the important events that happened in his absence ... El-Negro helps him get past his anger, understanding how hard it was to endure such a difficult time and how the military coup had crushed people's lives ...

Famous quotes containing the word negro:

    To be a Negro is to participate in a culture of poverty and fear that goes far deeper than any law for or against discrimination.... After the racist statutes are all struck down, after legal equality has been achieved in the schools and in the courts, there remains the profound institutionalized and abiding wrong that white America has worked on the Negro for so long.
    Michael Harrington (1928–1989)

    If there be any man who thinks the ruin of a race of men a small matter, compared with the last decoration and completions of his own comfort,—who would not so much as part with his ice- cream, to save them from rapine and manacles, I think I must not hesitate to satisfy that man that also his cream and vanilla are safer and cheaper by placing the negro nation on a fair footing than by robbing them.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    The shadow of a mighty Negro past flits through the tale of Ethiopia the shadowy and of the Egypt the Sphinx. Throughout history, the powers of single blacks flash here and there like falling stars, and die sometimes before the world has rightly gauged their brightness.
    —W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt)