The Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses in Germany took place on 1 April 1933, soon after Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor on 30 January 1933. The boycott was the first of many measures against the Jews of Germany, which ultimately culminated in the "Final Solution". It was a state-managed campaign of ever-increasing harrassment, arrests, systematic pillaging, forced transfer of ownership to Nazi party activists (managed by the Chamber of Commerce) and ultimately murder of owners defined as "Jews". In Berlin alone, there were 50,000 Jewish owned businesses (almost 50% of all Berlin's private owned business) when the Nazis came to power. By 1945 they all had "Christian" owners.
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