Natural Morality - Darwinian Morality - Natural Morality For Survival

Natural Morality For Survival

Because of the instinctive nature of sympathy and its general recurrence among many socigal animals, Darwin deduces this emotional character must be inherited through natural selection. From a naturalist point of view, it is probable that instinctive sympathy was first developed for animals to thrive by living in society just as the pleasure of eating was first acquired to induce animals to eat. In this sense, morality is a crucial instinct for survival in social animals. As Darwin notes in The Descent of Man,:

No tribe could hold together if murder, robbery, treacher, etc, were common.

Instinctive altruism effectively enables individuals to guarantee survival of the group, which in turn will aid survival of the individual. In The Descent of Man, Darwin notes:

Actions regarded by savages, and were probably so regarded by primeval man, are good or bad, solely as they obviously affect the welfare of the tribe - not that of the species, nor that of an individual member of the tribe. This conclusion agrees well with the belief that the so-called moral sense is aboriginally derived from the social instincts, for both relate at first exclusively to the community.

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