Mushroom Poisoning

Mushroom poisoning (also known as mycetism) refers to harmful effects from ingestion of toxic substances present in a mushroom. These symptoms can vary from slight gastrointestinal discomfort to death. The toxins present are secondary metabolites produced in specific biochemical pathways in the fungal cells. Mushroom poisoning is usually the result of ingestion of wild mushrooms after misidentification of a toxic mushroom as an edible species. The most common reason for this misidentification is close resemblance in terms of colour and general morphology of the toxic mushrooms species with edible species. Even very experienced wild mushroom gatherers are upon rare occasion poisoned by eating toxic species, despite being well aware of the risks, through carelessness.

To prevent mushroom poisoning, mushroom gatherers need to be very familiar with the mushrooms they intend to collect as well as with any similar-looking toxic species. In addition, edibility of mushrooms may depend on methods of preparation for cooking. Collectors also need to be well aware that edibility or toxicity of some species varies with geographic location.

Read more about Mushroom PoisoningFolk Traditions, Causes of Mushroom Poisoning, Toxins and Their Symptoms, Poisonous Mushrooms, Other Causes of Poisoning, Famous Poisonings

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Mushroom Poisoning - Famous Poisonings
... Buddha), by some accounts, may have died of mushroom poisoning around ~479 BCE, though this claim has not been universally accepted ... Roman Emperor Claudius is said to have been murdered by being fed the death cap mushroom ... However it is similarly debated whether he died from any kind of poisoning at all ...
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... clinical study of any treatment suggested for mushroom poisoning ... was analyzed in a retrospective study of 205 cases of Amanita phalloides (death cap) mushroom poisoning ... In another 18 cases of death cap poisoning, a correlation was found between the time elapsed before initiation of silybin therapy, and the severity ...

Famous quotes containing the words poisoning and/or mushroom:

    It is beyond a doubt that during the sixteenth century, and the years immediately preceding and following it, poisoning had been brought to a pitch of perfection which remains unknown to modern chemistry, but which is indisputably proved by history. Italy, the cradle of modern science, was at that time, the inventor and mistress of these secrets, many of which are lost.
    HonorĂ© De Balzac (1799–1850)

    “It looks as if
    Some pallid thing had squashed its features flat
    And its eyes shut with overeagerness
    To see what people found so interesting
    In one another, and had gone to sleep
    Of its own stupid lack of understanding,
    Or broken its white neck of mushroom stuff
    Short off, and died against the windowpane.”
    Robert Frost (1874–1963)