The Murray River (River Murray in South Australia) is Australia's longest river. At 2,375 kilometres (1,476 mi) in length, the Murray rises in the Australian Alps, draining the western side of Australia's highest mountains and, for most of its length, meanders across Australia's inland plains, forming the border between the states of New South Wales and Victoria as it flows to the northwest, before turning south for its final 500 kilometres (310 mi) or so into South Australia, reaching the ocean at Lake Alexandrina.
The water of the Murray flows through several lakes that fluctuate in salinity (and were often fresh until recent decades) including Lake Alexandrina and The Coorong before emptying through the Murray Mouth into the southeastern portion of the Indian Ocean, often referenced on Australian maps as the Southern Ocean, near Goolwa. Despite discharging considerable volumes of water at times, particularly before the advent of large scale river regulation, the Mouth has always been comparatively small and shallow.
As of 2010, the Murray River system receives 58% of its natural flow. It is perhaps Australia's most important irrigated region and is widely known as the food bowl of the nation.
Other articles related to "murray river, river, murray":
... Belfast-Murray River is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island, Canada ... It was formerly named Murray River-Gaspereaux from 1996 to 2007 ...
... Murray River is a Canadian village Kings County Prince Edward Island ... in the province's South-Eastern corner, Murray River is bisected by a river of the same name ... The town is located at the end of navigation on the river and hosts a small wharf for fishing and recreational vessel ...
... the area prior to European settlement, were believed to inhabit the stretch of region bound by the Murray River from Tocumwal to the east of Cobram and south as far as the Broken Creek ... Charles Sturt first passed through the region on the northern bank of the Murray River in June 1838 en route to South Australia, leading a cattle droving party, with 300 head of cattle ... In 1868, the old township of Cobram, bound by Warkil Street to the west and the Murray River to the east was reserved for future use, about 15 kilometres west of Cobram East ...
... climbing a small hill at what is now Baldivis, sighted a river in the distance ... This was later named the Serpentine River which is to the north of the Murray and for some time was confused with the Murray which was not encountered until later that year ... down the Peel-Harvey Estuary to the southern extreme near the delta of the Harvey River where they had an amicable encounter with some local aborigines ...
... much of the land on the south bank of the Swan River to Cockburn Sound ... Peel was offered an alternative grant from Woodman Point to the north bank of the Murray River and from the ocean to the Darling Scarp ... Pinjarra was approximately the upper limit of navigable water along the Murray River ...
Famous quotes containing the words river and/or murray:
“We are bare. We are stripped to the bone
and we swim in tandem and go up and up
the river, the identical river called Mine
and we enter together. No ones alone.”
—Anne Sexton (19281974)
“Some people are born to fatness. Others have to get there.”
—Les Murray (b. 1938)