Mountain Bike

A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated MTB) is a bicycle created for off-road cycling. This activity includes traversing of rocks and washouts, and steep declines, on dirt trails, logging roads, and other unpaved environments—activities usually called mountain biking. These bicycles need to be able to withstand the stresses of off-road use with obstacles such as logs and rocks. Wheels used on mountain bikes usually use wide, knobby tires for good traction on uneven terrain and shock absorption. Since the mid-1990s, front wheel suspension has become the norm and since the late 1990s, full front and rear suspension has become increasingly common. Some mountain bikes are also fitted with bar ends on the handlebars to give extra leverage for hill-climbing.

Since the development of the sport in the 1970s many new subtypes of mountain biking have developed, such as cross-country (XC) biking, all-day endurance biking, Freeride-biking, downhill mountain biking, and a variety of track and slalom competitions. Each of these place different demands on the bike requiring different designs for optimal performance. MTB development has included an increase in gearing, up to 30 speeds, to facilitate both climbing and rapid descents. However, recently the "1 by 10" trend has emerged, simplifying the gearing to one sprocket in the front and 10 in the rear of the drive train. This allows for lighter component weights while still maintaining a large spread of gearing options. Single speed mountain bikes are also becoming more and more popular. Other developments include disc instead of rim brakes and 29" tires instead of the traditional 26" tires.

Read more about Mountain BikeHistory, Designs, Modern Designs, Wheel and Tire Design, Tandems

Other articles related to "mountain bike, mountain, bikes, bike":

John Tomac - Mountain Biking
... California, and left BMX competition in favour of mountain bike racing ... By the autumn of that year, he had won his first two major mountain bike events the Ross Fat Tire Stage Race in Massachusetts and the Supercross Mountain Bike Exhibition race held at the Los ... Edition model in 1987, which reflected his increasing profile within mountain biking culture ...
Bicycle Suspension - Rear Suspension
... Mountain bike technology has made great advances since first appearing in the early 1990s ... One of the first successful full suspension bikes was designed by Mert Lawwill, a former motorcycle champion ... His bike, the Gary Fisher RS-1, was released in 1990 ...
Steve Cook (cyclist)
... Steve Cook is an American former professional mountain bike racer, from Durango, Colorado He was an inaugural inductee into the Mountain Bike Hall of Fame, in 1988 ... He also rode his custom mountain bike in cyclo-cross races (in which narrow-tired road cycles are more commonly used), and even took a state championship in that discipline ... After retiring from racing, Cook became the operator of a mountain bike rental shop in Crested Butte, Colorado, where he is also well known for trailblazing, credited with ...
Alison Dunlap - Major Achievements
... UCI Tissot Mountain Bike World Cup Champion (2002) UCI Mountain Bike Cross Country (XC) World Champion (2001) Olympic Games 2000 mountain bike, 7th Olympic Games 1996 road race Pan American Games ... UCI Tissot World Cup 2nd overall (2000) 8x World Mountain Bike Championship (1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004) World Road Cycling Championships 1993-94 (bronze), (1998–99) World Cyclo-Cross ...
Mountain Bike - Tandems
... Mountain bikes are available in tandem configurations ... For example, Cannondale and Santana Cycles offer ones without suspension, while Ellsworth, Nicolai, and Ventana manufacture tandems with full suspension ...

Famous quotes containing the word mountain:

    The mountain and the squirrel
    Had a quarrel,
    And the former called the latter “Little Prig”;
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)