Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 metres (17,057 ft)), Nelion (5,188 metres (17,021 ft)) and Point Lenana (4,985 metres (16,355 ft)). Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 kilometres (93 mi) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya.

Mount Kenya is a stratovolcano created approximately 3 million years after the opening of the East African rift. Before glaciation, it was 7,000 m (23,000 ft) high. It was covered by an ice cap for thousands of years. This has resulted in very eroded slopes and numerous valleys radiating from the centre. There are currently 11 small glaciers. The forested slopes are an important source of water for much of Kenya.

There are several vegetation bands from the base to the summit. The lower slopes are covered by different types of forest. Many alpine species are endemic to Mount Kenya, such as the giant lobelias and senecios and a local subspecies of rock hyrax. An area of 715 km2 (276 sq mi) around the centre of the mountain was designated a National Park and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The park receives over 16,000 visitors per year.

Read more about Mount Kenya:  Mount Kenya National Park, Local Culture, Geology, Peaks, Glaciers, Rivers, Natural History, Climate, Etymology

Other articles related to "mount, kenya, mount kenya, kenyas":

Moorland Chat
... The chat was first discovered on Mount Elgon on the Uganda-Kenya border by Jackson ... Mackinder brought back the same bird from Mount Kenya in 1899 ... A very curious little bird was found by Mr Jackson on Mount Elgon at a height of 11,000 feet, and I remember saying to Mr ...
List Of Names On Mount Kenya - Peaks
... The peaks of Mount Kenya have been given names from three different sources ... is a group of four peaks to the east of the main peaks named after governors of Kenya and early settlers Coryndon, Grigg, Delamere and McMillan ... after Sir Robert Coryndon, the Governor of Kenya Colony between 1922 and 1925 ...
List Of Names On Mount Kenya - Mount Kenya
... Mount Kenya received its current name by European missionaries who, wrote the name as, Kenya from the Akamba word 'kiinyaa' ... The first missionaries, Johann Ludwig Kraft, and Johannes Rebmann, were led into Kenyas interior my Akamba long distance traders ... Kenya, a Kamba word, and the country was then later named after this mountain ...
Retreat Of Glaciers Since 1850 - Tropical Glaciers - Africa
... To the north of Kilimanjaro lies Mount Kenya, which at 5,199 m (17,057 ft) is the second tallest mountain on the African continent ... Mount Kenya has a number of small glaciers that have lost at least 45% of their mass since the middle of the 20th century ... Geological Survey (USGS), there were eighteen glaciers atop Mount Kenya in 1900, and by 1986 only eleven remained ...
Mount Kenya - Etymology - Names of Peaks
... The peaks of Mount Kenya have been given names from three different sources ... Firstly, several Maasai chieftains have been commemorated, with names such as Batian, Nelion and Lenana ...

Famous quotes containing the word mount:

    As every pool reflects the image of the sun, so every thought and thing restores us an image and creature of the supreme Good. The universe is perforated by a million channels for his activity. All things mount and mount.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)