Morocco

Morocco (Arabic: المغرب‎ al-Maghrib ; Berber: ⴰⵎⵕⵕⵓⴽ or ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ Ameṛṛuk or Lmaġrib; French: Maroc), officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country located in North Africa. It has a population of over 32 million and an area of 446,550 km² (710,850 km² with Western Sahara). Morocco also administers most of the disputed region of the Western Sahara as the Southern Provinces. Morocco remains the only African state not to be a member of the African Union due to its unilateral withdrawal on November 12, 1984 over the admission of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) in 1982 by the African Union as a full member without the organization of a referendum of self-determination in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Arabic name al-Mamlakat al-Maghribiyyah (المملكة المغربية) translates to "The Western Kingdom". Al-Maghrib (المغرب), meaning "The West", is commonly used. For historical references, medieval Arab historians and geographers used to refer to Morocco as al-Maghrib al-Aqṣá (المغرب الأقصى, "The Farthest West"), disambiguating it from neighboring historical regions called al-Maghrib al-Awsaṭ (المغرب الأوسط, "The Middle West", Algeria) and al-Maghrib al-Adná (المغرب الأدنى, "The Nearest West", Tunisia).

Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, including the power to dissolve the parliament. Executive power is exercised by the government but the king's decisions usually override those of the government if there is a contradiction. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can also issue decrees called dahirs which have the force of law. The latest Parliamentary elections were held on November 25, 2011, and were considered by some neutral observers to be mostly free and fair. Voter turnout in these elections was estimated to be 43% of registered voters. The political capital of Morocco is Rabat, although the largest city is Casablanca; other major cities include Marrakesh, Tetouan, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador.

The Moroccan economy is generally diverse but very fragile. About 40% of Moroccans cannot read or write, and the country has high levels of extreme poverty and health care deprivation. Morocco also has a high level of economic inequality. The unemployment rates under the highly educated as well as the unskilled are very high and cause consistent social unrest in many cities and villages. In 2011, the UN's Human Development Index ranked Morocco as the 130th most developed country in the world.

Almost all Moroccans speak Berber, Moroccan Arabic or French as mother tongues. Hassaniya Arabic, sometimes considered as a variety of Moroccan Arabic, is spoken in the southern provinces (Western Sahara) in the country by a small population.

Read more about MoroccoEtymology, History, Geography, Imports and Exports, Demographics, Politics, Largest Cities, Western Sahara Status, Economy, Education, Culture, Landscapes and Monuments

Other articles related to "morocco":

Religion In Morocco - Christianity
... Morocco first experienced Christianity while under Roman rule, as the Empire converted to the faith in its later years ... beginning in the 19th century, Roman Catholicism grew in Morocco, albeit mainly being the European colonists ... A small amount of Moroccans with origins in these two countries remain in Morocco ...
Religion In Morocco - Baha'i Faith
... century, is documented as starting its missions in Morocco in 1946, while the country was still under colonial rule ... establishing assemblies and schools in Morocco ... Most estimates count the Baha'i population in modern Morocco as between 150 and 500 ...
Languages Of Morocco - French - History of French
... In 1912 the French colonial authorities in Morocco introduced the French language to the country, making it the language of government administration, educational instruction, and the media ... In 1956 Morocco declared independence, and in the government declared Classical Arabic as the official language ... By 2005 Morocco engaged in economic liberalisation and privatization Ennaji said that these activities, in many sectors, reinforced the usage of French ...
Nations Not Competing At The 2006 Winter Olympics - Morocco
... Morocco qualified to participate at the 2006 Winter Olympics, in Turin, Italy with the representation by Samir Azzimani (who lives in France) and Sarah Ben Mansour (who lives in Belgium), both in alpine skiing ... Her total African skiing experience is limited to just two days in Morocco's Atlas Mountains, where she gave demonstrations to locals ...
Al Akhawayn University
... to the King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, and the King of Morocco Hassan II) is a university located in Ifrane, Morocco, just 70 kilometers away from the imperial city of Fes, in the midst of the Middle Atlas ... of Saudi Arabia from a large endowment intended for the cleanup of an oil spill off the coast of Morocco ... inaugurated by the former King of Morocco, Hassan II, on January 16, 1995 ...