Montreal Protocol

Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. The treaty was opened for signature on September 16, 1987, and entered into force on January 1, 1989, followed by a first meeting in Helsinki, May 1989. Since then, it has undergone seven revisions, in 1990 (London), 1991 (Nairobi), 1992 (Copenhagen), 1993 (Bangkok), 1995 (Vienna), 1997 (Montreal), and 1999 (Beijing). It is believed that if the international agreement is adhered to, the ozone layer is expected to recover by 2050. Due to its widespread adoption and implementation it has been hailed as an example of exceptional international co-operation, with Kofi Annan quoted as saying that "perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date has been the Montreal Protocol". The two ozone treaties have been ratified by 197 states and the European Union making them the most widely ratified treaties in United Nations history.

Read more about Montreal ProtocolTerms and Purposes, History, Multilateral Fund, Confirmation, Effect, 25th Anniversary Celebrations

Other articles related to "montreal protocol, protocol":

Prospects of Ozone Depletion
... Since the adoption and strengthening of the Montreal Protocol has led to reductions in the emissions of CFCs, atmospheric concentrations of the most significant compounds have ... CFCs means that nitrous oxide (N2O), which is not covered by the Montreal Protocol, has become the most highly emitted ozone depleting substance and is ... substance concentrations, assuming full compliance with the Montreal Protocol ...
Environmental Investigation Agency - Campaigns
... EIA was presented with two prestigious awards at the 20th anniversary meeting of the Montreal Protocol acknowledging the work done to expose and close down an illicit international trade ... Illegal Trade." In 2007 the Parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed to a faster phase out of HCFC's (a common chemical refrigerant), not only because these ... EIA is continuing this work by advising parties to the Kyoto Protocol and the Montreal Protocol to ensure the transition away from HCFC's is towards climate friendly natural refrigerant solutions and not ...
Chlorodifluoromethane - United States Phaseout
... been mostly phased out in new equipment in the United States under the Montreal Protocol, and has been replaced by other refrigerants with lower ozone depletion ... Beginning January 1, 2004 The Montreal Protocol required the U.S ... This action allowed the United States to meet its obligations under the Montreal Protocol ...
Montreal Protocol - 25th Anniversary Celebrations
... marks the 25th anniversary of the signing of the Montreal Protocol ... Accordingly, the Montreal Protocol community is organising a range of celebrations at the national, regional and international levels to publicize its considerable success to date and to ...