Middle East

The Middle East (Arabic: الشرق الأوسط, alshrq alāwsṭ; Armenian: Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’; Azerbaijani: Orta Şərq; French: Moyen-Orient; Georgia: ახლო აღმოსავლეთში, akhlo aghmosavlet’shi; Greek: Μέση Ανατολή, Mési Anatolí; Hebrew: המזרח התיכון‎, hmzrẖ htykhvn; Kurdish: Rojhilata Navîn; Persian: خاورمیانه, khevrmyenh; Somali: Bariga Dhexe; Soranî Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, rrojhellatî nayn; Turkish: Orta Doğu; Urdu: مشرق وسطی, hshrq vsty) is a region that encompasses Western Asia and all of or part of North Africa, depending on the context. The term is considered to be Eurocentric and used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East. The corresponding adjective is Middle-Eastern and the derived noun is Middle-Easterner. The largest ethnic group in the middle east are Arabs.

The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, and throughout its history, the Middle East has been a major centre of world affairs. When discussing ancient history, however, the term Near East is more commonly used. The Middle East is also the historical origin of major religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The Middle East generally has an arid and hot climate, with several major rivers providing for irrigation to support agriculture in limited areas. Many countries located around the Persian Gulf have large quantities of crude oil which has resulted in much wealth particularly for nations in the Arabian peninsula. In modern times the Middle East remains a strategically, economically, politically, culturally and religiously sensitive region. The Middle East's expected economic growth rate is at about 4.1% for 2010 and 5.1% in 2011.

Read more about Middle EastEtymology, History, Economy, Gallery

Other articles related to "middle east, middle, east":

Fouad Hussein
11th attacks, which were meant to lure the United States into military conflict in the Middle East ... work to continue weakening American strength in the Middle East while also causing the capitulation of governments across the Arab world ... movement will have shifted the balance of power in the Middle East away from the West and Israel, and the Islamists will be supported by new allies such as China ...
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... Hyundai Construction's first project in the entire Middle East was a 1975 contract for the construction of a shipyard for the Iranian Navy near Bandar-e Abbas, and. 1977 and 1979, nearly 300,000 South Korean workers from two dozen companies came to work in the Middle East ... labour costs, the practise of importing labourers from South Korea to work in the Middle East slowly became less widespread during the late 1980s for example, the proportion ...
Dean Obeidallah
... PBS' Newshour with Jim Lehrer, ABC's 20/20, CNN's "Inside the Middle East" and Japan's NHK ... This was the first stand up comedy festival in the history of the Middle East ... performed stand-up comedy in Canada and in the Middle East in Amman, Dubai, Beirut, Cairo, Haifa, Oman, Sharm El Sheikh and Ramallah ...
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Middle East - Gallery
... This video over Central Africa and the Middle East was taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the International Space Station ... This video over the Sahara Desert and the Middle East was taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the International Space Station ... A pass beginning over Turkmenistan, east of the Caspian Sea to south-eastern China, just north-west of Hong Kong ...

Famous quotes by middle east:

    During the first formative centuries of its existence, Christianity was separated from and indeed antagonistic to the state, with which it only later became involved. From the lifetime of its founder, Islam was the state, and the identity of religion and government is indelibly stamped on the memories and awareness of the faithful from their own sacred writings, history, and experience.
    Bernard Lewis, U.S. Middle Eastern specialist. Islam and the West, ch. 8, Oxford University Press (1993)