The Michigan Civil Rights Initiative (MCRI), or Proposal 2 (Michigan 06-2), was a ballot initiative in the U.S. state of Michigan that passed into Michigan Constitutional law by a 58% to 42% margin on November 7, 2006, according to results officially certified by the Michigan Secretary of State. By Michigan law, the Proposal became law on December 22, 2006. MCRI was legislation aimed at stopping the preferential treatment of minorities (by race, color, sex, or religion) in getting admission to colleges, jobs, and other publicly funded institutions. It was decried by some opponents as a repeal of the 1964 civil rights act.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit overturned MCRI on July 1, 2011. Judges R. Guy Cole Jr. and Martha Craig Daughtrey said that "Proposal 2 reorders the political process in Michigan to place special burdens on minority interests." Michigan Attorney General Bill Schuette said he will appeal the court ruling.
Bill Schutte, Attorney General for the State of Michigan announced his appeal of the Sixth Circuit's decision on July 28, 2011. The MCRI stands in effect until this appeal is complete.
On November 16 2012, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, sitting en banc, upheld the earlier ruling that the MCRI is unconstitutional. Schuette announced his intention to appeal to the Supreme Court.
Read more about Michigan Civil Rights Initiative: Actual Text of Amendment, Background, First Federal Lawsuit Against MCRI, Voting and Poll Results, Board of Canvassers Meeting, "Preferential Treatment", Post Election, Effects, Notable Endorsers, Opposition
... a formal written statement filed with a court by parties in a civil action, other than a motion ... Pleading in England and Wales is covered by the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) ... federal courts is covered by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure ...
... Civil Rights Act may refer to several acts in the history of civil rights in the United States, including ...
... Notable opponents of the MCRI include One United Michigan National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Former Michigan Governor ...
... Civil Rights Act of 1866, extending the rights of emancipated slaves by stating that any person born in the United States regardless of race is a U.S ... Civil Rights Act of 1871, also known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, prohibiting ethnic violence against blacks ... Civil Rights Act of 1875, prohibiting discrimination in "public accommodations" found unconstitutional in 1883 as Congress could not regulate conduct of individuals ...
... Civil defense (Civil defence), (see spelling differences) or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatant ... Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to emergencies and disasters in general ... preparedness, contingency planning, emergency services, and civil protection ...
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