Meskhetian Turks

Meskhetian Turks also known as Meskheti Turks, and Akhaltsikhe / Ahiska Turks (Turkish: Ahıska Türkleri; Georgian: თურქი მესხები, t'urk'i meskhebi) are the ethnic Turks formerly inhabiting the Meskheti region of Georgia, along the border with Turkey. The Turkish presence in Meskhetia began with the Ottoman invasion of 1578, although Turkic tribes had settled in the region as early as the eleventh and twelfth centuries.

Today, the Meskhetian Turks are widely dispersed throughout the former Soviet Union (as well as in Turkey and the United States) due to forced deportations during World War II. At the time, the Soviet Union was preparing to launch a pressure campaign against Turkey and Joseph Stalin wanted to clear the strategic Turkish population in Meskheti who were likely to be hostile to Soviet intentions. In 1944, the Meskhetian Turks were accused of smuggling, banditry and espionage in collaboration with their kin across the Turkish border; nationalistic policies at the time encouraged the slogan: "Georgia for Georgians" and that the Meskhetian Turks should be sent to Turkey "where they belong". Approximately 115,000 Meskhetian Turks were deported to Central Asia and only a few hundred have been able to return to Georgia ever since.

Read more about Meskhetian TurksOrigins and Terms, Demographics

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Meskhetian Turks - Culture - Language
... The Meskhetian Turks speak an Eastern Anatolian dialect of Turkish, which hails from the regions of Kars, Ardahan, and Artvin ... The Meskhetian Turkish dialect has also borrowed from other languages (including Azerbaijani, Georgian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, and Uzbek) which the Meskhetian Turks have been in contact with during the ...
Torture In Russia - Foreigners and Migrants
... Another special case are Meskhetian Turks ... While in most regions of Russia Meskhetian Turks were automatically granted Russian citizenship, in Krasnodar Krai some 15,000 Meskhetian Turks were deprived of any legal status since 1991 ... The way out for a significant number of Meskhetian Turks in the Krasnodar Krai became resettlement in the United States ...
Meskhetian Turks
... Meskhetian Turks are the former Turkish inhabitants of the Meskheti region of Georgia along the border with Turkey ... There are 500,000 to 700,000 Meskhetian Turks in exile in Azerbaijan and Central Asia ... Meskhetian Turks are Sunni Hanafi Muslims ...
Turks In Ukraine - History - Meskhetian Turks Migration
... Turks in Ukraine according to official Census' Census Turks 2001. 8,844 The Meskhetian Turks first arrived in Ukraine after World War II when the Soviet Union was preparing ... In 1944, the Meskhetian Turks were forcefully deported from the Meskheti region in Georgia and accused of smuggling, banditry and espionage in collaboration with ... the slogan "Georgia for Georgians" and that the Meskhetian Turks should be sent to Turkey "where they belong" ...
Contemporary Anti-Turkism - Russia and Former Soviet Union
... See also Turks in the former Soviet Union and Racism in Russia Within the Soviet Union, ethnic cleansing of Turks during World War II took the form of ... sources suggests that an estimated 115,000 Turks were deported mainly to Central Asia, most of which settled in Uzbekistan ... In 1989, ethnic clashes between the Uzbeks and Turks occurred ...