The term melee weapon is a neologism, usually absent from scientific and historical scholarship, and apparently deriving from the Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game. It serves the need to represent weapons for use in hand-to-hand combat (such as a sword or club), in contrast to projectile weapons (such as arrows).
The term derives from the French term mêlée, meaning “mixed”, and referring to groups of warriors interlocked in close combat, when devolving into a chaotic scenario without military formation. The term can refer to a free-for-all competition in knightly combat sports.
As such melee weapons do not include statically emplaced weapons, like a boobytrap or burning devices, but are carried. A melee weapon is a type of "cold weapon".
The basic principle of edged weapons is to increase the user's pressure by concentrating force applied onto a smaller surface area, such as an edge or point, thus more easily penetrating the opponent's body to cause wounds. Because most of the effectiveness of edged weapons depends upon breaking the skin of an opponent, they lose much of their usefulness when pitted against armour.
Blunt weapons on the other hand rely mostly on mass and raw impact energy to disable opponents through broken bones, internal trauma or concussions. Generally they are used in some sort of swinging motion to charge kinetic energy into the weapon's mass.
Historically, maces and flails were developed and used to combat armoured infantry, such as knights, because of their ability to cause injuries even "through" plate armour, and were also very effective against flexible armour, such as mail. However, blunt weapons are usually heavier than edged weapons, as the extra weight is needed to cause greater damage, especially through armour. This often makes blunt weapons both strenuous to wield and difficult to maneuver.
Most melee weapons live within the spectrum from very lightweight blades or spikes to extremely heavy, blunt poles. Heavy cavalry swords are perhaps about midway along the range in both kinetic energy and concentration of pressure, and showcase how any point in the spectrum can sometimes yield an effective weapon.
Other articles related to "weapon, melee weapon, weapons":
... The primary weapon of the Nitro was a plasma rifle capable of sustained automatic fire ... The melee weapon consisted of an energy-blade similar to the famed lightsaber ... While the plasma rifle was an accurate and potent ranged weapon, the energy-blade was much more destructive in terms of raw power ...
... The most common stone used for making weapons was silex (otherwise known as flint) ... When creating a weapon a craftsman would choose a stone that was close to the shape desired by the craftsman ... These bronze weapons were much better than the stone ones of the same type, although these were more difficult to make and procure ...
Famous quotes containing the word weapon:
“The aim of poetry, it appears, is to fill the mind with lofty thoughtsnot to give it joy, but to give it a grand and somewhat gaudy sense of virtue. The essay is a weapon against the degenerate tendencies of the age. The novel, properly conceived, is a means of uplifting the spirit; its aim is to inspire, not merely to satisfy the low curiosity of man in man.”
—H.L. (Henry Lewis)