Mediation, as used in law, is a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), a way of resolving disputes between two or more parties with concrete effects. Typically, a third party, the mediator, assists the parties to negotiate a settlement. Disputants may mediate disputes in a variety of domains, such as commercial, legal, diplomatic, workplace, community and family matters.

The term "mediation" broadly refers to any instance in which a third party helps others reach agreement. More specifically, mediation has a structure, timetable and dynamics that "ordinary" negotiation lacks. The process is private and confidential, possibly enforced by law. Participation is typically voluntary. The mediator acts as a neutral third party and facilitates rather than directs the process.

Mediators use various techniques to open, or improve, dialogue between disputants, aiming to help the parties reach an agreement. Much depends on the mediator's skill and training. As the practice gained popularity, training programs, certifications and licensing followed, producing trained, professional mediators committed to the discipline.

The benefits of mediation include:

  • Cost—While a mediator may charge a fee comparable to that of an attorney, the mediation process generally takes much less time than moving a case through standard legal channels. While a case in the hands of a lawyer or a court may take months or years to resolve, mediation usually achieves a resolution in a matter of hours. Taking less time means expending less money on hourly fees and costs.
  • Confidentiality—While court hearings are public, mediation remains strictly confidential. No one but the parties to the dispute and the mediator(s) know what happened. Confidentiality in mediation has such importance that in most cases the legal system cannot force a mediator to testify in court as to the content or progress of mediation. Many mediators destroy their notes taken during a mediation once that mediation has finished. The only exceptions to such strict confidentiality usually involve child abuse or actual or threatened criminal acts.
  • Control—Mediation increases the control the parties have over the resolution. In a court case, the parties obtain a resolution, but control resides with the judge or jury. Often, a judge or jury cannot legally provide solutions that emerge in mediation. Thus, mediation is more likely to produce a result that is mutually agreeable for the parties.
  • Compliance—Because the result is attained by the parties working together and is mutually agreeable, compliance with the mediated agreement is usually high. This further reduces costs, because the parties do not have to employ an attorney to force compliance with the agreement. The mediated agreement is, however, fully enforceable in a court of law.
  • Mutuality—Parties to a mediation are typically ready to work mutually toward a resolution. In most circumstances the mere fact that parties are willing to mediate means that they are ready to "move" their position. The parties thus are more amenable to understanding the other party's side and work on underlying issues to the dispute. This has the added benefit of often preserving the relationship the parties had before the dispute.
  • Support—Mediators are trained in working with difficult situations. The mediator acts as a neutral facilitator and guides the parties through the process. The mediator helps the parties think "outside of the box" for possible solutions to the dispute, broadening the range of possible solutions.

Read more about Mediation:  History, Uses, Alternatives, Principles, Ethics, Conflict Management

Other articles related to "mediation":

Civil Mediation Council
... The Civil Mediation Council (CMC) is the recognised authority in England and Wales for all matters related to civil, commercial, workplace and other non-family mediation ... for the Government, the judiciary, the legal profession and industry on mediation issues ... association of Members established in April 2003 by mediation providers, independent mediators, leading academics, legal professional bodies and government departments in ...
Civil Mediation Council - Mission, Vision & Values
... The Civil Mediation Council (CMC) aims to be the voice of mediation ... Mission To inspire all sectors of society to use mediation when managing and resolving disputes Aims Excellence To promote the highest standards of skill, conduct ...
Legal Case Management - Case Management and The Regulation of Mediation in Australia
... can refer the parties to a court registrar for mediation ... any part of them or any matter arising out of them to a mediator or an arbitrator for mediation or arbitration as the case may be… ... In Australia, mediation as an alternative dispute resolution (ADR) method is designed to avoid resorting to formal court-based adjudication and is now also being applied to criminal matters ...
Civil Mediation Council - Background
... The Civil Mediation Council (CMC) was established in the UK in 2003 under the chairmanship of Lord Justice Sir Brian Neill to be the neutral and independent body to represent and to ... unsuccessful attempts to provide a single unified voice for civil and commercial mediation in the United Kingdom ...
Lee Jay Berman
... Academy of Distinguished Neutrals is Certified by the International Mediation Institute, and is a Dispute Resolution Expert with the United Nations Development Programme ... Also a trainer in mediation, negotiation and conflict management skills, he is the founder and President of the American Institute of Mediation, he also lectures at the Straus Institute for ... American Arbitration Association, and multiple bar associations, courts and mediation organizations ...