Mars Sample Return Mission

A Mars sample return mission (MSR) would be a spaceflight mission to collect rock and dust samples from Mars and to return them to Earth. Sample return is very powerful type of exploration, because analysis is freed from the time, budget, and space constraints of spacecraft sensors. All of Earth's laboratories can potentially study a sample.

According to Louis Friedman, Executive Director of The Planetary Society, Mars sample return is often described by the planetary science community as the "holy grail" of robotic space missions, due to its high expected scientific return-on-investment.

Over time several missions were planned but none of the proposed missions got beyond the planning phase. The three latest proposals for a MSR mission are a NASA-ESA proposal, a Russian proposal, Mars-Grunt, and a Chinese proposal.

MSR was highest priority in the Planetary Decadal Survey 2013-2022: The Future of Planetary Science.

Read more about Mars Sample Return MissionScientific Value, History, SCIM, NASA-ESA Plan, NASA Proposals, Mars-Grunt, Chinese Plans

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Mars Sample Return Mission - Chinese Plans
... China has plans for a Mars sample return mission by 2030. ...

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    The mission is too important to allow you to jeopardize it.
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    A tree may grow a thousand feet tall, but its leaves will return to its roots.
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    The present war having so long cut off all communication with Great-Britain, we are not able to make a fair estimate of the state of science in that country. The spirit in which she wages war is the only sample before our eyes, and that does not seem the legitimate offspring either of science or of civilization.
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