Manila Bay

Manila Bay is a natural harbor which serves the Port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines.The bay is considered to be one of the best natural harbors in Southeast Asia and one of the finest in the world. Strategically located around the capital city of the Philippines, Manila Bay facilitated commerce and trade between the Philippines and its neighbouring countries, becoming the gateway for socio-economic development even prior to Spanish occupation. With an area of 1,994 km2 (769.9 sq mi), and a coastline of 190 km (118.1 mi), Manila Bay is situated in the western part of Luzon and is bounded by Cavite and Metro Manila on the east, Bulacan and Pampanga on the north, and Bataan on the west and northwest. Manila Bay drains approximately 17,000 km2 (6,563.7 sq mi) of watershed area, with the Pampanga River contributing about 49% of the freshwater influx. With an average depth of 17 m (55.8 ft), it is estimated to have a total volume of 28.9 billion cubic meters (28.9 cubic km). Entrance to the bay is 19 km (11.8 mi) wide and expands to a width of 48 km (29.8 mi). However, width of the bay varies from 22 km (13.7 mi) at its mouth and expanding to 60 km (37.3 mi) at its widest point.

The islands of Corregidor and Caballo divides the entrance into two channels, about 2 miles (3.2 km) towards the North and 6.5 miles (10.5 km) wide on the South side. Mariveles, in the province of Bataan, is an anchorage just inside the northern entrance and Sangley Point is the former location of Cavite Naval Base. On either side of the bay are volcanic peaks topped with tropical foliage: 40 km to the north is the Bataan Peninsula and to the south is the province of Cavite.

Across the entrance to Manila Bay are several islands, the largest of which is Corregidor, located 3 kilometers from Bataan and, along with the island of Caballo, separates the mouth of the bay into the North and South Channels. In the south channel is El Fraile Island and outside the entrance, and to the south, is Carabao Island. El Fraile, a rocky island some 4 acres (1.6 ha) in area, supports the massive concrete and steel ruins of Fort Drum, an island fortress constructed by the United States Army to defend the southern entrance of the bay. To the immediate north and south are additional harbors, upon which both local and international ports are situated. Large number of ships at the North and South harbors facilitate maritime activities in the bay. Being smaller of the two harbors, the North Harbor is used for inter-island shipping while the South Harbor is used for large ocean-going vessels.

Read more about Manila BayHistory, Ecosystem, Water Quality

Other articles related to "manila bay, bay, manila":

Manila Bay - Future Directions - Challenges
... Long-term goals for Manila Bay would ideally include the decrease or termination of nearby highly polluting enterprises, implementation effective standards for waste-water discharge and an overall improved water ...
Spanish Cruiser Castilla - Operational History
1898, Castilla was part of the squadron of Rear Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón in Manila Bay ... April 1898, Castilla and five other ships of the squadron set out for Subic Bay, where Montojo hoped to take advantage of minefields and shore batteries in the likely event ... Arriving at Subic Bay, Montojo found that few of the mines had been laid and the shore batteries had not yet been mounted ...
Japanese Submarine I-124 - Service History - Pacific War Begins
... On that day I-124 laid mines off Manila Bay, Philippines, before proceeding to the seas south-west of Lubang Island ... I-124 then sailed to Cam Ranh Bay, before returning to the Philippines to patrol Manila Bay in late December, before proceeding south via the Mindoro ... day, one of the mines laid by I-124 the previous month in Manila Bay sank the 1,976-ton Panamanian-flagged freighter Daylight ...
Bay City, Metro Manila
... Bay City is the name for the reclamation area located west of Roxas Boulevard on Manila Bay in Metro Manila, the Philippines ... The plan was to reclaim 3,000 hectares of land in Manila Bay ... Although the PEA advertises Bay City as the "new business capital" of Manila, development is proceeding slowly ...
Baywalk
... The Baywalk is a promenade overlooking Manila Bay along Roxas Boulevard in the city of Manila, Philippines ... The Manila Baywalk is a two kilometre stretch between the US Embassy and the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) just past the Manila Yacht Club ... This promenade lies in front of the Manila Bay where you can experience one of the most breathtaking sunsets of the world ...

Famous quotes containing the word bay:

    Three miles long and two streets wide, the town curls around the bay ... a gaudy run with Mediterranean splashes of color, crowded steep-pitched roofs, fishing piers and fishing boats whose stench of mackerel and gasoline is as aphrodisiac to the sensuous nose as the clean bar-whisky smell of a nightclub where call girls congregate.
    Norman Mailer (b. 1923)