The Man in the Iron Mask (French: L'Homme au Masque de Fer) is a name given to a prisoner arrested as Eustache Dauger in 1669 or 1670, and held in a number of jails, including the Bastille and the Fortress of Pignerol (today Pinerolo). He was held in the custody of the same jailer, Bénigne Dauvergne de Saint-Mars, for a period of 34 years. He died on 19 November 1703 under the name of Marchioly, during the reign of Louis XIV of France (1643–1715). The possible identity of this man has been thoroughly discussed and has been the subject of many books, because no one ever saw his face, which was hidden by a mask of black velvet cloth.
In the second edition of his Questions sur l'Encyclopédie (French for "Questions on the Encyclopedia"), published in 1771, the writer and philosopher Voltaire claimed that the prisoner wore an iron mask and was the older, illegitimate brother of Louis XIV. In the late 1840s, the writer Alexandre Dumas elaborated on the theme in the final installment of his Three Musketeers saga: here the prisoner is forced to wear an iron mask and is Louis XIV's twin brother.
What facts are known about this prisoner are based mainly on correspondence between his jailer and his superiors in Paris.
... at Pignerol was Eustache Dauger, the so-called Man in the Iron Mask, which was in fact made of black velvet cloth ... Dauger was in the custody of a man named Saint-Mars and was held in the prisons of which Saint-Mars was governor ... many believe that this is proof enough that he was the man in the mask ...
... père, The Vicomte de Bragelonne Henry Vizetelly, The Man With the Iron Mask Juliette Benzoni, Secret d'etat Louis-César, Cassandra Palmer series Films and ... (as "Porthos") 1952 Lady in the Iron Mask – American color film starring Louis Hayward, Patricia Medina and Alan Hale, Jr ... film, starring Jean Marais 1968 The Man in the Iron Mask – British TV series (9 episodes) 1970 Start the Revolution Without Me 1977 The Man in the Iron Mask (1977) – British ...
Famous quotes containing the words mask, man and/or iron:
“I met Murder on the way
He had a mask like Castlereagh.”
—Percy Bysshe Shelley (17921822)
“Nobody dast blame this man.... For a salesman, there is no rock bottom to the life. He dont put a bolt to a nut, he dont tell you the law or give you medicine. Hes a man way out there in the blue, riding on a smile and a shoeshine. And when they start not smiling backthats an earthquake. And then you get yourself a couple of spots on your hat, and youre finished. Nobody dast blame this man. A salesman is got to dream, boy. It comes with the territory.”
—Arthur Miller (b. 1915)
“Should the German people lay down their arms, the Soviets ... would occupy all eastern and south-eastern Europe together with the greater part of the Reich. Over all this territory, which with the Soviet Union included, would be of enormous extent, an iron curtain would at once descend.”
—Joseph Goebbels (18971945)