The Man in the Iron Mask (French: L'Homme au Masque de Fer) is a name given to a prisoner arrested as Eustache Dauger in 1669 or 1670, and held in a number of jails, including the Bastille and the Fortress of Pignerol (today Pinerolo). He was held in the custody of the same jailer, Bénigne Dauvergne de Saint-Mars, for a period of 34 years. He died on 19 November 1703 under the name of Marchioly, during the reign of Louis XIV of France (1643–1715). The possible identity of this man has been thoroughly discussed and has been the subject of many books, because no one ever saw his face, which was hidden by a mask of black velvet cloth.
In the second edition of his Questions sur l'Encyclopédie (French for "Questions on the Encyclopedia"), published in 1771, the writer and philosopher Voltaire claimed that the prisoner wore an iron mask and was the older, illegitimate brother of Louis XIV. In the late 1840s, the writer Alexandre Dumas elaborated on the theme in the final installment of his Three Musketeers saga: here the prisoner is forced to wear an iron mask and is Louis XIV's twin brother.
What facts are known about this prisoner are based mainly on correspondence between his jailer and his superiors in Paris.
... Alexandre Dumas, père, The Vicomte de Bragelonne Henry Vizetelly, The Man With the Iron Mask Juliette Benzoni, Secret d'etat Louis-César, Cassandra Palmer series Films and television 1909 La ... (as "Porthos") 1952 Lady in the Iron Mask – American color film starring Louis Hayward, Patricia Medina and Alan Hale, Jr ... Masque de fer – Italian/French film, starring Jean Marais 1968 The Man in the Iron Mask – British TV series (9 episodes) 1970 Start the Revolution Without Me 1977 The Man in the Iron Mask (1977 ...
... Another prisoner at Pignerol was Eustache Dauger, the so-called Man in the Iron Mask, which was in fact made of black velvet cloth ... Dauger was in the custody of a man named Saint-Mars and was held in the prisons of which Saint-Mars was governor ... buried under the name "Marchioly", many believe that this is proof enough that he was the man in the mask ...
Famous quotes containing the words mask, man and/or iron:
“What! Would you make no distinction between hypocrisy and devotion? Would you give them the same names, and respect the mask as you do the face? Would you equate artifice and sincerity? Confound appearance with truth? Regard the phantom as the very person? Value counterfeit as cash?”
—Molière [Jean Baptiste Poquelin] (16221673)
“I watched a small man with thick calluses on both hands work fifteen and sixteen hours a day. I saw him once literally bleed from the bottoms of his feet, a man who came here uneducated, alone, unable to speak the language, who taught me all I needed to know about faith and hard work by the simple eloquence of his example.”
—Mario Cuomo (b. 1932)
“And thus we rust Lifes iron chain
Degraded and alone:
And some men curse, and some men weep,
And some men make no moan:
But Gods eternal Laws are kind
And break the heart of stone:”
—Oscar Wilde (18541900)