Macedonia (Greece)

Macedonia (Greece)

Coordinates: 40°45′N 22°54′E / 40.75°N 22.9°E / 40.75; 22.9

Macedonia
Μακεδονία


Anthem: Famous Macedonia
Country Greece
Capital Thessaloniki
Region 1913
Regions 3
  • East Macedonia and Thrace (part)
  • Central Macedonia
  • West Macedonia
Government
• Body General Secretariat for Macedonia and Thrace
• General Secretary Georgios Chatzikonstantinou (Panhellenic Socialist Movement)
Area
• Total 34,177 km2 (13,196 sq mi)
Area rank 1st
Highest elevation 2,917 m (9,570 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2009)
• Total 2,844,587
• Rank 2nd
• Density 83/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym Macedonian
GDP €49.657 billion ($64.406 billion)
Per capita €19,333 ($25,075)
  • The flag is widespread, even on an official level, but bares no official legal standing as a symbol for the region.
  • The use of the Vergina Sun is widespread and it is an official state symbol of Greece. The country has copyright over the use of the Vergina Sun at the World Intellectual Property Organization, but as with the flag, it bares no legal standing as an official emblem of the region.
  • Famous Macedonia is a military march of the Greek army, but is regarded as the regional anthem of Macedonia.
  • East Macedonia is part of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace.

Macedonia (i/ˌmæsɨˈdoʊniə/; Greek: Μακεδονία, Makedonía, ) is a geographical and historical region of Greece in Southern Europe. Macedonia is the largest and second most populous Greek region. The region and that of Thrace (and sometimes Epirus and Thessaly) are often together referred to informally as Northern Greece.

It incorporates most of the territories of ancient Macedon, a kingdom ruled by the Argeads whose most celebrated members were Alexander the Great and his father Philip II. The name Macedonia was later applied to identify various administrative areas in the Roman and Byzantine Empires with widely differing borders. Under the Ottomans, the name disappeared altogether.

Even before the establishment of the modern Greek state in 1830, it was identified as a Greek province, albeit without clearly defined geographical borders By the mid 19th century, the name was becoming consolidated informally, defining more of a distinct geographical, rather than political, region in the southern Balkans. At the end of the Ottoman Empire most of the region known as Rumelia (from Ottoman Turkish: Rumeli, "Land of the Romans") was divided by the Treaty of Bucharest of 1913, following the Ottoman defeat in the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913. Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria each took control of portions of the Macedonia (region), with Greece obtaining the largest portion; a small section went to Albania. The region was an administrative subdivision of Greece until the administrative reform of 1987, when the region was divided into the regions of West Macedonia and Central Macedonia and part of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace, the latter containing also the whole of the region of Thrace.

Read more about Macedonia (Greece):  Etymology, Local Government, Economy and Transport, Demographics

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... An uncertain number of them live in Macedoniafrom the total of about 200,000-300,000 that live scattered on all the regions of Greece ...