Literary criticism is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. Modern literary criticism is often informed by literary theory, which is the philosophical discussion of its methods and goals. Though the two activities are closely related, literary critics are not always, and have not always been, theorists.
Whether or not literary criticism should be considered a separate field of inquiry from literary theory, or conversely from book reviewing, is a matter of some controversy. For example, the Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism draws no distinction between literary theory and literary criticism, and almost always uses the terms together to describe the same concept. Some critics consider literary criticism a practical application of literary theory, because criticism always deals directly with particular literary works, while theory may be more general or abstract.
Literary criticism is often published in essay or book form. Academic literary critics teach in literature departments and publish in academic journals, and more popular critics publish their criticism in broadly circulating periodicals such as the Times Literary Supplement, the New York Times Book Review, the New York Review of Books, the London Review of Books, The Nation, and The New Yorker.
Other articles related to "literary criticism, literary, criticism":
... The value of literary criticism has been questioned by some prominent artists ... argued that good readers don't read books, and particularly literary masterpieces, "for the academic purpose of indulging in generalizations" ... if anything is added to the legacy of Joyce's art, by the 261 books of literary criticism stored by the Library of Congress he summed up that Academics are "people who ...
... (Cultural study) 1971 Adya Rangacharya Kalidasa (Literary criticism) 1972 S.S ... Sivarudrappa Kavyartha Chintana (Literary criticism) 1985 T.R ... stories) 1994 Girish Raghunath Karnad Tale Danda (play) 1995 Kirtinath Kurtkoti Uriya Nalage (Criticism) 1996 G.S ...
... Considered the "founder of modern literary criticism in Iran," Mīrzā Fatḥ ʿAlī Ākhūnd'zādah used literary criticism as "the vehicle for his reformist impulse." Ākhund'zādah ... a literature that failed to address the social needs of its time." He published many works on literary criticism Qirītīkah ("Criticism") Risālah-i īrād ("Fault-finding treatise") Fann-i kirītīkah ...
... Shot and sequence, focus and perspective have moved from film editing to literary composition ... Experimental 20th-century fiction is, at the same time, influenced by literary theory ... Literary theory, arising in the 20th century, questioned key factors that had been matters of agreement in 19th-century literary criticism the author wrote the ...
Famous quotes containing the words literary criticism, criticism and/or literary:
“Much literary criticism comes from people for whom extreme specialization is a cover for either grave cerebral inadequacy or terminal laziness, the latter being a much cherished aspect of academic freedom.”
—John Kenneth Galbraith (b. 1908)
“The critic lives at second hand. He writes about. The poem, the novel, or the play must be given to him; criticism exists by the grace of other mens genius. By virtue of style, criticism can itself become literature. But usually this occurs only when the writer is acting as critic of his own work or as outrider to his own poetics, when the criticism of Coleridge is work in progress or that of T.S. Eliot propaganda.”
—George Steiner (b. 1929)
“In the course of a life devoted less to living than to reading, I have verified many times that literary intentions and theories are nothing more than stimuli and that the final work usually ignores or even contradicts them.”
—Jorge Luis Borges (18991986)