List of German Inventors and Discoverers - B

B

  • Karl Ernst von Baer: Discovered mammal ovum.
  • Ralph Baer: Inventor of the first home video game console.
  • Adolf von Baeyer: Chemist. Synthesized indigo, discovered the phthalein dyes, and investigated polyacetylenes, oxonium salts, nitroso compounds (1869) and uric acid derivatives (1860 and onwards) including the discovery of barbituric acid (1864). Nobel laureate 1905.
  • Albert Ballin: Father of modern cruise ship travel
  • Heinrich Band: Developed a musical instrument and called it Bandoneon in 1846. It is used in most tango orchestras until today.
  • Heinrich Barkhausen: Discovered what is now called the Barkhausen effect, to describe the phenomenon, which is caused by rapid changes of size of magnetic domains in 1919, and Barkhausen stability criterion.
  • Oskar Barnack: The father of the first mass marketed 35mm camera and Leica.
  • Heinrich Anton de Bary: Father of Phytopathology, the science of plant diseases and modern Mycology. Coined the word symbiosis in 1879.
  • Wilhelm Bauer: Inventor and engineer, who built several hand-powered submarines.
  • Eugen Baumann: He was one of the first people to create polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and, together with Carl Schotten, he discovered the Schotten-Baumann reaction.
  • Carl Baunscheidt: Inventor of the Lebenswecker ("life awakener") or "artificial leech".
  • Hans Beck: Inventor of the toy Playmobil.
  • Georg Bednorz: Physicist, discovered high-temperature superconductivity in ceramics, shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics.
  • Martin Behaim: Inventor of the first globe of the world (Erdapfel) between 1491 and 1493.
  • Alexander Behm: Inventor of echo sounding. The patent was granted in 1913.
  • Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen: Navigator and Explorer. Discovered the land mass of Antarctica on January 28, 1820.
  • Hans Bethe: Nuclear physicist and Nobel laureate in physics 1967. During World War II, he was head of the Theoretical Division at the secret Los Alamos laboratory which developed the first atomic bombs.
  • Emil Adolf von Behring: Discovered the diphtheria antitoxin. It was the world's first cure for a disease (1891). He was awarded history's first Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine in 1901.
  • Melitta Bentz: Inventor of the coffee filter, 1908.
  • Karl Benz: Father and inventor of the gasoline-powered automobile, 1885, and pioneering founder of automobile manufacturing.
  • Albrecht Berblinger: Inventor of the spring prosthesis and hang-glider (1811).
  • Emil Berliner: He is best known for developing the microphone and disc record gramophone.
  • Gerd Binnig: Physicist. Design of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) with Heinrich Rohrer. Nobel laureate 1986.
  • Max Bockmühl: He developed together with German Gustav Ehrhart Methadone in 1937 in Germany, working for I.G. Farbenindustrie AG at the Farbwerke Hoechst
  • Johann Elert Bode: Discovered the Titus-Bode Law
  • Ludwig Bölkow: Aeronautical pioneer. Was instrumental in the development of the Me 262, developed a new rotorhead concept for helicopters.
  • Max Born: Physicist and mathematician. Groundbreaking work in quantum mechanics. Nobel laureate 1954 with Walther Bothe. His Ph.D. student Delbrück, and six of his assistants (Fermi, Heisenberg, Goeppert-Mayer, Herzberg, Pauli, Wigner) went on to win Nobel Prizes. His Ph.D. student J. Robert Oppenheimer led the project to develop the atomic bomb.
  • Manfred Börner: Physicist. Developed the first working fiber-optical data transmission system in 1965. Received a patent for an "electro-optical transmission system utilizing lasers".
  • Carl Bosch: Chemist and Nobel laureate, discovered the processes of industrial high pressure chemistry.
  • Robert Bosch: He invented, engineered and launched various innovations for the motor vehicle.
  • Walther Bothe: Nuclear physicist, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954 with Max Born.
  • Johann Friedrich Böttger: He was generally acknowledged as the inventor of European porcelain although more recent sources ascribe this to Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus. Böttger is still credited with developing the manufacture of porcelain in Europe.
  • Karlheinz Brandenburg: Inventor and audio engineer; father of audio compression format MPEG Audio Layer 3, more commonly known as MP3.
  • Karl Ferdinand Braun: Inventor of the CRT oscilloscope in 1897
  • Wernher von Braun: The preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century. Developed the V-2 rocket for Germany. Built Saturn V rocket in USA which put man on the moon.
  • Walter Bruch: PAL, colour encoding system for analogue television
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Gustav Bruhn: inventor of Taximeter
  • Ernst Büchner: Chemist and inventor of Büchner flask and Büchner funnel.
  • Robert Bunsen: Chemist who developed the Bunsen burner, and with Gustav Kirchhoff he discovered caesium (1860) and rubidium (1861).
  • Wilhelm Busch: Caricaturist, painter and poet; father of comics.
  • Christian Friedrich Ludwig Buschmann: Pioneer and promoter of the harmonica.
  • Adolf Busemann: Discovered the effect of swept wing for modern aircraft in 1935.
  • Adolf Butenandt: Discovered primary female sex hormones. Shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Leopold Ruzicka in 1939.

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