List of Doctoral Degrees Awarded By Country - Germany


  • Dr. h.c. (Doctor honoris causa - honorary doctor), but: Dr.-Ing. E.h. (German: ehrenhalber)
  • Dr.-Ing. (Doktor der Ingenieurwissenschaften - engineering, sometimes Computer Science)
  • Dr. iur. (Doctor iuris - law), also: Dr. jur. although this is not the correct spelling
  • Dr. iur. utr. (Doctor iuris utriusque - both Laws, secular and Canon Law, "Doktor beider Rechte" (weltliches und kanonisches Recht))
  • Dr. habil. (Doctor habilitatus - professorial qualification, higher doctorate awarded to candidates who finished the habilitation)
  • Dr. oec. pub. (Doctor œconomiae publicae - business administration ("Betriebswirtschaftslehre") or macro- and micro-economics ("Volkswirtschaftslehre"))
  • Dr. theol. (Doctor theologiae - theology)
  • Dr. paed. (Doctor paed. - education ("Doktor der Pädagogik"))
  • Dr. phil. (Doctor philosophiae - most of the humanities)
  • Dr. rer. medic. (Doctor rerum medicarum - "Doktor der Medizinwissenschaften" or Doctor of medical science)
  • Dr. rer. physiol. (Doctor rerum physiologicarum- Doctor of Biomedicine and or Human Biology)
  • Dr. rer. nat. (Doctor rerum naturalium - literally "Doctor of natural things" - all natural sciences, mathematics and computer science)
  • Dr. rer. soc. (Doctor rerum socialium. - social sciences ("Doktor der Sozialwissenschaften"))
  • Dr. rer. pol. (Doctor rerum politicarum - economics, business administration, sociology and related subjects)
  • Dr. med. (Doctor medicinae - medicine), also Dr. med. dent. for dentists and Dr. med. vet. for veterinarians

Read more about this topic:  List Of Doctoral Degrees Awarded By Country

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Famous quotes containing the word germany:

    If my theory of relativity is proven correct, Germany will claim me as a German and France will declare that I am a citizen of the world. Should my theory prove untrue, France will say that I am a German and Germany will declare that I am a Jew.
    Albert Einstein (1879–1955)

    If Germany is to become a colonising power, all I say is, “God speed her!” She becomes our ally and partner in the execution of the great purposes of Providence for the advantage of mankind.
    —W.E. (William Ewart)

    How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)