List of Doctoral Degrees Awarded By Country - France

France

  • Doctorat: Ph.D. equivalent. Traditional mentions are :
    • Doctorat ès lettres: Doctorate of Letters.
    • Doctorat ès sciences:Doctorate of Science.
    • Doctorat en droit; Doctorate of Laws.
  • Diplôme d'État de docteur (State Degree of Doctor): professional doctorate equivalent.
    • Diplôme d'État de chirurgien dentiste: Doctor of Dental Surgery.
    • Diplôme d’État de docteur en médecine: Doctor of Medicine.
    • Diplôme d'État de docteur en pharmacie: Doctor of Pharmacy.
    • Diplôme d'État de docteur vétérinaire: Doctor of Veterinary Medicine.
  • Until 1984 existed a higher doctorate called Doctorat d'État and a junior doctorate called Doctorat de troisième cycle.

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