Life imprisonment (also known as a life sentence, lifelong incarceration or life incarceration) is any sentence of imprisonment for a serious crime under which the convicted person is to remain in jail for the rest of his or her life or until paroled. Examples of crimes for which a person could receive this sentence include murder, severe child abuse, rape, high treason, drug dealing or human trafficking, or aggravated cases of burglary or robbery resulting in death or grievous bodily harm.
This sentence does not exist in all countries. Portugal was the first country in the world to abolish life imprisonment by the prison reforms of Sampaio e Melo in 1884. However, where life imprisonment is a possible sentence, there may also be formal mechanisms to request parole after a certain period of imprisonment. This means that a convict could be entitled to spend the rest of the sentence (that is, until he or she dies) outside prison. Early release is usually conditional depending on past and future conduct, possibly with certain restrictions or obligations. In contrast, when a fixed term of imprisonment has ended, the convict is free.
The length of time and the modalities surrounding parole vary greatly for each jurisdiction. In some places, convicts are entitled to apply for parole relatively early, in others, only after several decades. However, the time until being entitled to apply for parole does not necessarily tell anything about the actual date of parole being granted . Article 110 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court stipulates that for the gravest forms of crimes (e.g., war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide), a prisoner ought to serve two thirds of a fixed sentence, or 25 years in the case of a life sentence. The highest determined prison sentence that can be imposed in the ICC, aside from life imprisonment, is 35 years. After this period, the court will review the sentence to determine whether or not it should be reduced.
Unlike other areas of criminal law, sentences handed to minors do not differ from those given to legal adults. A few countries worldwide allow for minors to be given lifetime sentences that have no provision for eventual release. Countries that allow life imprisonment without the possibility of parole for juveniles include Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Belize, Brunei, Cuba, Dominica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, and the United States. Of these, only the United States currently has minors serving such sentences. As of 2009, Human Rights Watch had calculated that there were 2,589 youth offenders serving life without parole in the United States.
Other articles related to "life imprisonment, life, imprisonment":
... Erhard Brauny — life imprisonment Otto Brinkmann — life imprisonment Emil Bühring — life imprisonment Ruldof Jacobi — life imprisonment Josef Kilian — life imprisonment Georg Köni ...
... Jurisdiction (link to details) Life imprisonment Minimum to serve before eligibility for requesting parole Maximum length of sentence (under life) Indefinite sentence (excl. 20 years imprisonment Only in extraordinary circumstances may the convicted serving life imprisonment be released on parole Argentina Yes 20 years, or never. 10 years imprisonment 16-17 max ...
... His wife and children were allowed to live with him during his imprisonment at Dover ... He remained a prisoner for the rest of his life, and died in the Tower of London in July 1682 ...
... The guilty murder verdict carries an automatic term of life imprisonment but the judge could decide if Wright would be awarded parole at any point ... QC argued that Wright should receive a whole life tariff and thus never be released from prison ... Subsequently, on 22 February 2008, Wright was sentenced to life imprisonment and Mr ...
... Section of Act Offence Maximum penalty (imprisonment) 73–75 Treason 14 years to life imprisonment 77 Mutiny 10 years 78 Espionage 14 years 79 Sabotage 10 years 87 Riot 2 ... in respect to human remains (illegal exhumation, necrophilia) 2 years 168–169, 172 Murder Life imprisonment 171, 177 Manslaughter Life imprisonment 178 Infanticide Psychiatric or intellectual disability care ...
Famous quotes containing the words imprisonment and/or life:
“... imprisonment itself, entailing loss of liberty, loss of citizenship, separation from family and loved ones, is punishment enough for most individuals, no matter how favorable the circumstances under which the time is passed.”
—Mary B. Harris (18741957)
“There is no going back,
For standing still means death, and life is moving on,
Moving on towards death. But sometimes standing still is also life.”
—John Ashbery (b. 1927)