The qualification of the judges is delegated by the Korean Constitution to the Court Organization Act. In the Court Organization Act Article 42 states that those who passed the National Judicial Examination and have completed the two year training at the Judicial Research and Training Institute (JRTI), or those who obtained qualifications as lawyers are eligible for becoming a judge. Though a small number of the judges are selected from practicing attorneys, an overwhelming number of them became judges right after graduation from the JRTI. The judicial reform in 2009 which established U.S. style law schools in lieu of the JRTI also requires the new judges to have a few years of law practice.
Judges in South Korea are nominated for their position by the Chief Justice of the Republic of Korea and subsequently confirmed by the Supreme Court Justices Council (a council composed of the Justices of the Supreme Court). Judges serve terms of 10 years, and may be re-appointed to their positions. The nomination process and terms of service above do not apply to Justices of the Supreme Court or to Justices of the Constitutional court, each of which has its own nomination process and term of service. See Supreme Court of South Korea and Constitutional Court of South Korea for the regulations for each.
The Constitution states that judges may not be removed from their offices except through impeachment, conviction of a crime and sentencing to imprisonment, or should they be unable to discharge their duties due to serious mental or physical impairment. The Court Organization Act sets the retirement age of judges as 63 and that for the Supreme Court justices, who are technically not "judge", is 65.
Other articles related to "judges, judge":
... Kuala Lumpur Participants performed before two judges, Paul Moss and Syafinaz Selamat ... Contestants who impressed the judges made it through the next round ... Contestants whom the judges were unsure of were placed under the 'maybe' category where they performed again for the judges ...
... As judges, coaches, and skaters get more experience with the new system, more consensus may emerge ... cases of 1 to 1.5 points differences in component marks from different judges ... implies that "observer bias" determines about 20% of the mark given by a judge ...
... There are currently 2 Intermediate Court judges, both are locals ... The High Court currently consist of 3 Judges, 2 of whom are locals ... The Chief Justice was a High Court judge from Hong Kong ...
... In a 1983 memo analyzing a Senate resolution to limit the judges to 10-year terms, Roberts questioned the desirability of lifetime tenure, arguing that when the Constitution was ...
... typically told throughout a trial that the offence must be proved "beyond reasonable doubt", and judges usually include this in the summing-up ... There is no absolute prescription as to how judges should explain reasonable doubt to juries ... Judges usually tell jurors that they will be satisfied beyond reasonable doubt if they "feel sure" or "are sure" that the defendant is guilty ...
Famous quotes containing the word judges:
“Men over forty are no judges of a book written in a new spirit.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Everyone judges plays as if they were very easy to write. They dont know that it is hard to write a good play, and twice as hard and tortuous to write a bad one.”
—Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (18601904)
“How utterly futile debauchery seems once it has been accomplished, and what ashes of disgust it leaves in the soul! The pity of it is that the soul outlives the body, or in other words that impression judges sensation and that one thinks about and finds fault with the pleasure one has taken.”
—Edmond De Goncourt (18221896)