Jus Soli

Jus soli (Latin: right of the soil), is a right by which nationality or citizenship can be recognized to any individual born in the territory of the related state. At the turn of the 18th to 19th century, nation-states commonly divided themselves between those granting nationality on the grounds of jus soli (France, for example) and those granting it on the grounds of jus sanguinis (right of blood) (Germany, for example, before 1990). However, most European countries chose the German concept of an "objective nationality", based on race or language (as in Fichte's classical definition of a nation), opposing themselves to republican Ernest Renan's "subjective nationality", based on a daily plebiscite of one's belonging to one's Fatherland. This non-essentialist concept of nationality allowed the implementation of jus soli, against the essentialist jus sanguinis. However, today's increase of migrants has somewhat blurred the lines between these two antagonistic sources of right.

Countries that have acceded to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness will grant nationality to otherwise stateless persons who were born on their territory, or on a ship or plane flagged by that country.

Read more about Jus Soli:  History, Jus Soli, Blurred Lines Between jus Soli and jus Sanguinis, Jus Soli Around The World

Other articles related to "jus soli, jus":

Irish Nationality Law - History - Jus Soli and The Irish Constitution
... Up until the late 1990s, jus soli, in the Republic, was maintained as a matter of statute law, the only people being constitutionally entitled to citizenship of the Irish state post-1937 ... The introduction of this guarantee resulted in the enshrinement of jus soli as a constitutional right for the first time ... Moreover jus soli primarily existed in legislation and it remained, after the referendum, for parliament to pass ordinary legislation that would modify it ...
Bangladeshi Nationality Law - Citizenship - Jus Soli
... Jus soli citizenship is also conferred upon Urdu-speaking people of Bangladesh in May 2008 by a High Court verdict (see below) ...
Jus Soli Around The World - Hong Kong
... A modified form of jus soli is provided by the Basic Law of Hong Kong ... According to Article 24(1) of the Basic Law of the territory, in force since the July 1997 transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, all citizens of the People's Republic of China born in the territory are permanent residents of the territory and have the right of abode in Hong Kong ...
Jus Sanguinis
... Jus sanguinis (Latin right of blood) is a principle of nationality law by which citizenship is not determined by place of birth but by having one or ... It contrasts with jus soli (Latin for "right of soil") ... republican conception explains France's early adoption of jus soli ...
United States V. Wong Kim Ark - Subsequent Developments - Wong Kim Ark and Later Cases
... In the years since Wong Kim Ark, the concept of jus soli citizenship has "never been seriously questioned by the Supreme Court, and been accepted as dogma by ... outside the bounds of the Citizenship Clause—such as citizenship via jus sanguinis for foreign-born children of U.S ... The Wong Kim Ark court's affirmation of jus soli as the primary rule determining United States citizenship has been cited in several Supreme Court decisions ...