The Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth) regulates the structure of the Australian judicial system and invests federal Australian courts with jurisdiction. Its passage, on 25 August 1903, established the High Court of Australia. It is one of the oldest pieces of Australian legislation and has been amended over 70 times.
The Act provides for the right of barristers and solicitors to practice in Federal courts, it provides for suits by and against the Commonwealth and the States, as well as for procedure in the High Court of Australia.
The Act also establishes in law the position of the Australian Government Solicitor.
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