President of The European Commission
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In 2004, the proposed European Constitution and now the Treaty of Lisbon included a provision that the choice of President must take into account the result of Parliamentary elections and the candidate supported by the victorious Europarty in particular. That provision was not in force in the nomination in 2004, but the centre-right European People's Party (EPP), who won the elections, pressured for a candidate from its own ranks. In the end, José Manuel Barroso, the EPP candidate, was chosen by the European Council.
On the same basis, the EPP again endorsed Barroso for a second term during the 2009 European election campaign and, after the EPP again won the elections, was able to secure his nomination by the European Council on 17 June 2009. On 3 September 2009, Barroso unveiled his manifesto for his second term. On 16 September 2009, Barroso was re-elected by the European Parliament for another five years. If he completes his second term he will become only the second Commission president to serve two terms, after Jacques Delors.
During his first presidency, the following important issues were on the Commission's agenda:
- Turkey applying for EU membership
- The reform of the institutions (Treaty of Lisbon)
- The Bolkestein directive, aimed at creating a single market for services within the EU
- Lisbon Strategy
- Galileo positioning system
- Doha Development Agenda negotiations
- European Institute of Innovation and Technology
- An EU climate change package
One of his first tasks since being re-elected was a visit to Ireland to persuade Irish citizens to approve the Treaty of Lisbon in the country's second referendum due to be held the following month. Barroso was greeted by Irish Minister for Defence Willie O'Dea and Peter Power, the Minister of State for Overseas Development, as he got off his plane at Shannon Airport on the morning of 19 September 2009 before briefly meeting with the joint committee of the Oireachtas and meeting and greeting people at functions in Limerick's City Hall, University of Limerick (UL) and the Savoy Hotel. He told The Irish Times in an interview referenced internationally by Reuters that he had been asked if Ireland would split from the European Union. He also launched a €14.8 million grant for former workers at Dell's Limerick plant, described as "conveniently opportune" by former Member of the European Parliament and anti-Lisbonite Patricia McKenna.
On 12 September 2012 Barroso has called for the EU to evolve into a "federation of nation-states". Addressing the EU parliament in Strasbourg, Mr Barroso said such a move was necessary to combat the continent's economic crisis. He said he believed Greece would be able to stay in the eurozone if it stood by its commitments. Mr Barroso also set out plans for a single supervisory mechanism for all banks in the eurozone.
Read more about this topic: José Manuel Barroso
... It emerged soon afterwards that this had occurred only a month before the Commission approved 10 million euros of Greek state aid for Latsis's shipping company ... to back a motion of no confidence in Barroso, so as to compel him to appear before the European Parliament to be questioned on the matter ... The backdoor approval of the GE potato, by President Barroso, has met a wave of strong opposition from EU member-states ...
... President Portrait State and previous post Party Term Notes HallsteinWalter Hallstein West Germany Christian Democrats 01958-01-011 January 1958 – 01967-06-3030 June 1967 Established the Common Agricultural ... July 1967 – 01970-07-011 July 1970 Began initiatives on European Political Cooperation and EMU. 01973-01-055 January 1973 Oversaw creation of the European Monetary System and the first enlargement OrtoliFrançois-Xavier Ortoli France Christian Democrats 01973-01-066 ...
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