John Wilkes Booth

John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838 – April 26, 1865) was a famous American stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865. Booth was a member of the prominent 19th century Booth theatrical family from Maryland and, by the 1860s, was a well-known actor. He was also a Confederate sympathizer vehement in his denunciation of the Lincoln Administration and outraged by the South's defeat in the American Civil War. He strongly opposed the abolition of slavery in the United States and Lincoln's proposal to extend voting rights to recently emancipated slaves.

Booth and a group of co-conspirators originally plotted to kidnap Lincoln, but later planned to kill him, Vice President Andrew Johnson, and Secretary of State William Seward in a bid to help the Confederacy's cause. Although Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia had surrendered four days earlier, Booth believed the war was not yet over because Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston's army was still fighting the Union Army. Of the conspirators, only Booth was completely successful in carrying out his respective part of the plot. After Booth shot him once in the back of the head, Lincoln died the next morning. Seward was severely wounded but recovered. Vice-President Johnson was never attacked and was therefore unharmed.

Following the assassination, Booth fled on horseback to southern Maryland, eventually making his way to a farm in rural northern Virginia 12 days later, where he was tracked down. Booth's companion gave himself up, but Booth refused and was shot by a Union soldier after the barn in which he was hiding was set ablaze. Eight other conspirators or suspects were tried and convicted, and four were hanged shortly thereafter.

Over the years, various authors have suggested that Booth escaped his pursuers and subsequently died many years later under a pseudonym.

Read more about John Wilkes BoothBackground and Early Life, Business Ventures, Civil War Years, Assassination of Lincoln, Reaction and Pursuit, Death, Aftermath

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... Asia Frigga (Booth) Clarke (November 19, 1835 in Bel Air, Maryland - May 16, 1888 in Bournemouth, England), was the youngest daughter in the family of ten children born ... Her famous brothers were Edwin Booth and John Wilkes Booth ... On April 28, 1859, she married John Sleeper Clarke at St ...
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... Bates wrote Escape and Suicide of John Wilkes Booth, contending that a Booth look-alike was mistakenly killed at the Garrett farm while Booth eluded his ... Booth, said Bates, assumed the pseudonym "John St ... Pegram, who had viewed Booth's remains upon the casket's arrival at the Weaver funeral home in Baltimore on February 18, 1869, for burial at Green Mount Cemetery ...

Famous quotes containing the words booth and/or john:

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