John Muir

John Muir (21 April 1838 – 24 December 1914) was a Scottish-born American naturalist, author, and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States. His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions. His activism helped to preserve the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is now one of the most important conservation organizations in the United States. One of the most well-known hiking trails in the U.S., the 211-mile (340 km) John Muir Trail, was named in his honor. Other places named in his honor are Muir Woods National Monument, Muir Beach, John Muir College, Mount Muir, Camp Muir and Muir Glacier.

In his later life, Muir devoted most of his time to the preservation of the Western forests. He petitioned the U.S. Congress for the National Park bill that was passed in 1890, establishing both Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks. Because of the spiritual quality and enthusiasm toward nature expressed in his writings, he was able to inspire readers, including presidents and congressmen, to take action to help preserve large nature areas. He is today referred to as the "Father of the National Parks," and the National Park Service produced a short documentary on his life.

Muir's biographer, Steven J. Holmes, states that Muir has become "one of the patron saints of twentieth-century American environmental activity," both political and recreational. As a result, his writings are commonly discussed in books and journals, and he is often quoted in books by nature photographers such as Ansel Adams. "Muir has profoundly shaped the very categories through which Americans understand and envision their relationships with the natural world," writes Holmes. Muir was noted for being an ecological thinker, political spokesman, and religious prophet, whose writings became a personal guide into nature for countless individuals, making his name "almost ubiquitous" in the modern environmental consciousness. According to author William Anderson, Muir exemplified "the archetype of our oneness with the earth", while biographer Donald Worster says he believed his mission was "...saving the American soul from total surrender to materialism."

Read more about John MuirEarly Life, Nature Writer, Personal Life, Death, Legacy, Tributes and Honors

Other articles related to "john muir, muir, john":

John Muir - Bibliography - Essays Online
... Muir, John "Alaska ... The Discovery of Glacier Bay" online Muir, John "The American Forests" online Muir, John "Among the Animals of the Yosemite" online Muir, John "Among the Birds of ...
List Of Places In East Lothian - J
... John Muir Country Park, John Muir Way, John Muir's Birthplace Johnscleugh. ...
John Muir Trail - History
... John Muir was a founding member and first president of the Sierra Club ... John Muir died later that year, and the proposed trail was renamed in his honor ... Construction of the JMT began a year after Muir's death in 1915 with a $10,000 grant from the California legislature ...
Longniddry Bents
... Longniddry Bents are part of the John Muir Way coastal walk and were presented with a Seaside Award (Rural) in 2006 ... In the East Lothian Council-produced series of leaflets on the John Muir Way, Longniddry is included in the leaflet "Cockenzie to Aberlady" ... The John Muir way is also part of the North Sea Trail of seven nations and 26 areas around the North Sea ...
Alhambra Creek - Human History and Development
... The John Muir National Historic Site, located in Martinez, California, preserves the 14-room mansion where the naturalist and writer John Muir lived, as well as a ... of State Route 4, also known as the "John Muir Parkway" ... John Strentzel, Muir's father-in-law, with whom Muir went into partnership, managing his fruit ranch of 2,600 acres (11 km2) ...

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