Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism and biting social commentary have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics.
Austen lived her entire life as part of a close-knit family located on the lower fringes of the English landed gentry. She was educated primarily by her father and older brothers as well as through her own reading. The steadfast support of her family was critical to her development as a professional writer. Her artistic apprenticeship lasted from her teenage years into her thirties. During this period, she experimented with various literary forms, including the epistolary novel which she then abandoned, and wrote and extensively revised three major novels and began a fourth. From 1811 until 1816, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in 1818, and began a third, which was eventually titled Sanditon, but died before completing it.
Austen's works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century realism. Her plots, though fundamentally comic, highlight the dependence of women on marriage to secure social standing and economic security. Her work brought her little personal fame and only a few positive reviews during her lifetime, but the publication in 1869 of her nephew's A Memoir of Jane Austen introduced her to a wider public, and by the 1940s she had become widely accepted in academia as a great English writer. The second half of the 20th century saw a proliferation of Austen scholarship and the emergence of a Janeite fan culture.
Biographical information concerning Jane Austen is "famously scarce", according to one biographer. Only some personal and family letters remain (by one estimate only 160 out of Austen's 3,000 letters are extant), and her sister Cassandra (to whom most of the letters were originally addressed) burned "the greater part" of the ones she kept and censored those she did not destroy. Other letters were destroyed by the heirs of Admiral Francis Austen, Jane's brother. Most of the biographical material produced for fifty years after Austen's death was written by her relatives and reflects the family's biases in favour of "good quiet Aunt Jane". Scholars have unearthed little information since.
Other articles related to "jane austen, austen, jane":
... Year Austen Literary history Political history 1810 July–August – Jane Austen (pictured) and Cassandra visit Manydown and Steventon November – Edward Austen and Fanny ... Austen and Jane visit Steventon Cassandra goes to Godmersham 14 October – Edward Austen officially adopts "Knight" as surname Autumn – Jane Austen sells copyright of Pride and ... between the United States and Britain 1815 2–16 January – Jane and Cassandra stay at Steventon they also visit Ashe and Laverstoke 29 March – Emma finished March or April? – Jane and Cassandra probably visit ...
... It was formerly the home of Jane Austen's brother, Edward Austen Knight, and is now a library and study centre ... House is the venue of the Annual General Meeting of the Jane Austen Society of the United Kingdom ... In 2003 the Jane Austen Society of North America held its 25th Anniversary AGM in the grounds of Chawton House ...
... Jane Austen portal Jane Austen's Mansfield Park Characters Fanny Price Edmund Bertram Mary Crawford Henry Crawford Tom Bertram Maria Bertram Films Mansfield ...
... Family tree showing Jane Austen, her parents and her siblings Family tree showing Jane Austen's siblings and her nephews and nieces ...
... Jane Austen portal Reception history of Jane Austen Jane Austen family tree Jane Austen nephew and nieces family tree ...
Famous quotes by jane austen:
“Your letter is come; it came indeed twelve lines ago, but I
could not stop to acknowledge it before, & I am glad it did not
arrive till I had completed my first sentence, because the
sentence had been made since yesterday, & I think forms a very
—Jane Austen (17751817)
“Personal size and mental sorrow have certainly no necessary proportions. A large bulky figure has a good a right to be in deep affliction, as the most graceful set of limbs in the world. But, fair or not fair, there are unbecoming conjunctions, which reason will pa tronize in vain,which taste cannot tolerate,which ridicule will seize.”
—Jane Austen (17751817)
“To Jane Austen, every fool is a treasure trove.”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)
“Fortunately for those who pay their court through such foibles, a fond mother, though, in pursuit of praise for her children, the most rapacious of human beings, is likewise the most credulous; her demands are exorbitant; but she will swallow any thing.”
—Jane Austen (17751817)