Islam

Islam ( /ˈɪzlɑːm/; Arabic: الإسلام‎ al-ʾislām ) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله‎ Allāh) and by the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and composed of Hadith) of Muhammad, considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim.

Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets. They maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time, but consider the Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God. Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking and welfare, to warfare and the environment.

The majority of Muslims are Sunni, being 75–90% of all Muslims. The second largest sect, Shia, makes up 10–20%. The most populous Muslim-majority country is Indonesia home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims followed by Pakistan (11.0%), Bangladesh (9.2%), and Egypt (4.9%). Sizable minorities are also found in India, China, Russia, Ethiopia, Americas, Australia and parts of Europe. With about 1.8 billion followers or 26% of earth's population, Islam is the second-largest and one of the fastest-growing religions in the world.

Read more about Islam:  Etymology and Meaning, Articles of Faith, Five Pillars, Law and Jurisprudence, Demographics, Criticism of Islam

Other articles related to "islam":

Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban - History
... the government had appointed Muzharul Islam as the center's architect, but Islam deferred, instead recommending Alvar Aalto or Le Corbusier ... When those architects were unavailable, Islam enlisted his former teacher Louis Kahn as the architect ... Throughout the project's design and construction, Islam assisted Kahn ...
Philosophical Skepticism - History - Ancient Eastern Skepticism - Islam
... The autobiography Ghazali wrote towards the end of his life, The Deliverance From Error (Al-munqidh min al-ḍalāl several English translations) is considered a work of major importance ... In it, Ghazali recounts how, once a crisis of epistemological skepticism was resolved by "a light which God Most High cast into my breast...the key to most knowledge," he studied and mastered the arguments of Kalam, Islamic philosophy and Ismailism ...
Perennial Philosophy - Appearance in World Religions and Philosophies - Arabian World - Baha'ism
... One attempt at a religion that emerged out of Shi'ite Islam in the 19th century was Baha'ism, which preaches a complete doctrine of perennial truth ... religions carry the same truth, ranging from Hinduism and Zoroastrianism to Islam and the Baha'i faith itself ... doctrine that Judaism and Christianity were early forms of one religion, Islam ...
Criticism of Islam
... Main article Criticism of Islam Criticism of Islam has existed since Islam's formative stages ... criticism came from Christians, prior to the ninth century, many of whom viewed Islam as a radical Christian heresy ... Objects of criticism include the morality of the life of Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam, both in his public and personal life ...
Melaka Sultanate - Islam and Malay Culture
... The conversion of the first ruler of Melaka, Parameswara, to Islam was unclear so far with no evidence as to whether he had actually converted ... Megat Iskandar Shah, and that only the latter converted to Islam at the age 72 ... the ruling class and the subjects began accepting Islam ...

Famous quotes containing the word islam:

    Sooner or later we must absorb Islam if our own culture is not to die of anemia.
    Basil Bunting (1900–1985)

    Awareness of the stars and their light pervades the Koran, which reflects the brightness of the heavenly bodies in many verses. The blossoming of mathematics and astronomy was a natural consequence of this awareness. Understanding the cosmos and the movements of the stars means understanding the marvels created by Allah. There would be no persecuted Galileo in Islam, because Islam, unlike Christianity, did not force people to believe in a “fixed” heaven.
    Fatima Mernissi, Moroccan sociologist. Islam and Democracy, ch. 9, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. (Trans. 1992)

    The exact objectives of Islam Inc. are obscure. Needless to say everyone involved has a different angle, and they all intend to cross each other up somewhere along the line.
    William Burroughs (b. 1914)