Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727 ) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived. His monograph Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, laid the foundations for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the motion of objects on Earth and that of celestial bodies is governed by the same set of natural laws: by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation he removed the last doubts about heliocentrism and advanced the scientific revolution. The Principia is generally considered to be one of the most important scientific books ever written, both due to the specific physical laws the work successfully described, and for its style, which assisted in setting standards for scientific publication down to the present time.

Newton built the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into the many colours that form the visible spectrum. He also formulated an empirical law of cooling and studied the speed of sound. In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of differential and integral calculus. He generalised the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, developed Newton's method for approximating the roots of a function, and contributed to the study of power series.

Although an unorthodox Christian, Newton was deeply religious and wrote more on Biblical hermeneutics and occult studies than on science and mathematics. He secretly rejected Trinitarianism and refused holy orders.

Read more about Isaac NewtonPersonal Life, Religious Views, Enlightenment Philosophers, Counterfeiters, Laws of Motion, Apple Incident, Writings

Other articles related to "isaac newton, newton":

The Chronology Of Ancient Kingdoms
87,000-word composition written by Sir Isaac Newton, first published posthumously in 1728 in limited supply, but since republished in mass paperback format ... The work represents one of Newton's forays into the topic of chronology, detailing the rise and history of various ancient kingdoms throughout antiquity ... First is an introductory letter to the Queen of England by Newton's estate manager John Conduitt, followed by a short advertisement ...
History Of Structural Engineering - Early Structural Engineering Developments
... modern structural engineering were laid in the 17th century by Galileo Galilei, Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton with the publication of three great scientific ... Eleven years later, in 1687, Sir Isaac Newton published Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, setting out his Laws of Motion, providing for the first time an understanding of ... Also in the 17th century, Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz both independently developed the Fundamental theorem of calculus, providing one of the most important mathematical tools in engineering ...
Newton Baronets, of Barrs Court (1660) - Relationship To Isaac Newton
... knighted by Queen Anne in 1705, the scientist Isaac Newton submitted to the College of Heralds a genealogy in which he claimed a common male-line ancestry with ... one of the most famous savants in the world, but in reality Isaac Newton's ancestry is obscure and the male line cannot be documented beyond his grandfather ... The heraldic device of the Newton baronets (blazoned as "sable, two shinbones in saltire argent, the dexter surmounted of the sinister") was adopted by Sir Isaac Newton ...
Historical Figures Sometimes Considered Autistic - Specific Individuals - Isaac Newton
... Isaac Newton hardly spoke and had few friends ... After Newton's death, however, his body was found to contain massive amounts of mercury, probably from his alchemical pursuits, which could have accounted for his eccentricity in later life ...
Nolens Volens - N
... Also commonly known by the letters of Isaac Newton "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants" ... simple and harmonious with itself Sir Isaac Newton's famous quote, defining foundation of all modern sciences ... Can be found in his Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton A selection from the Portsmouth Collection in the University Library, Cambridge, 1978 edition ...

Famous quotes containing the word newton:

    The next Augustan age will dawn on the other side of the Atlantic. There will, perhaps, be a Thucydides at Boston, a Xenophon at New York, and, in time, a Virgil at Mexico, and a Newton at Peru. At last, some curious traveller from Lima will visit England and give a description of the ruins of St. Paul’s, like the editions of Balbec and Palmyra.
    Horace Walpole (1717–1797)