**Isaac Newton**

**Sir Isaac Newton** (25 December 1642 â€“ 20 March 1727 ) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived. His monograph *PhilosophiÃ¦ Naturalis Principia Mathematica*, published in 1687, laid the foundations for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the motion of objects on Earth and that of celestial bodies is governed by the same set of natural laws: by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation he removed the last doubts about heliocentrism and advanced the scientific revolution. The *Principia* is generally considered to be one of the most important scientific books ever written, both due to the specific physical laws the work successfully described, and for its style, which assisted in setting standards for scientific publication down to the present time.

Newton built the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into the many colours that form the visible spectrum. He also formulated an empirical law of cooling and studied the speed of sound. In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of differential and integral calculus. He generalised the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, developed Newton's method for approximating the roots of a function, and contributed to the study of power series.

Although an unorthodox Christian, Newton was deeply religious and wrote more on Biblical hermeneutics and occult studies than on science and mathematics. He secretly rejected Trinitarianism and refused holy orders.

Read more about Isaac Newton: Personal Life, Religious Views, Enlightenment Philosophers, Counterfeiters, Laws of Motion, Apple Incident, Writings

### Other articles related to "isaac newton, newton":

**Isaac Newton**

...

**Isaac Newton**hardly spoke and had few friends ... After

**Newton**'s death, however, his body was found to contain massive amounts of mercury, probably from his alchemical pursuits, which could have accounted for his eccentricity in later life ...

... approximately 87,000-word composition written by Sir

**Isaac Newton**, first published posthumously in 1728 in limited supply, but since republished in mass paperback ... The work represents one of

**Newton**'s forays into the topic of chronology, detailing the rise and history of various ancient kingdoms throughout antiquity ... First is an introductory letter to the Queen of England by

**Newton**'s estate manager John Conduitt, followed by a short advertisement ...

**Isaac Newton**

... Before he was knighted by Queen Anne in 1705, the scientist

**Isaac Newton**submitted to the College of Heralds a genealogy in which he claimed a common male-line ancestry ... this claim by a man who was then one of the most famous savants in the world, but in reality

**Isaac Newton**'s ancestry is obscure and the male line cannot be documented beyond his ... The heraldic device of the

**Newton**baronets (blazoned as "sable, two shinbones in saltire argent, the dexter surmounted of the sinister") was adopted by Sir

**Isaac Newton**...

... Also commonly known by the letters of

**Isaac Newton**"If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants" ... simple and harmonious with itself Sir

**Isaac Newton**'s famous quote, defining foundation of all modern sciences ... Can be found in his Unpublished Scientific Papers of

**Isaac Newton**A selection from the Portsmouth Collection in the University Library, Cambridge, 1978 edition ...

... engineering were laid in the 17th century by Galileo Galilei, Robert Hooke and

**Isaac Newton**with the publication of three great scientific works ... Eleven years later, in 1687, Sir

**Isaac Newton**published Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, setting out his Laws of Motion, providing for the first time an understanding of the fundamental ... Also in the 17th century, Sir

**Isaac Newton**and Gottfried Leibniz both independently developed the Fundamental theorem of calculus, providing one of the most important mathematical tools in engineering ...

### Famous quotes by *isaac newton*:

“No being exists or can exist which is not related to space in some way. God is everywhere, created minds are somewhere, and body is in the space that it occupies; and whatever is neither everywhere nor anywhere does not exist. And hence it follows that space is an effect arising from the first existence of being, because when any being is postulated, space is postulated.”

—*Isaac Newton* (1642–1727)

“I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the seashore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me.”

—*Isaac Newton* (1642–1727)