Irish Republican Army (1922–1969)
The original Irish Republican Army (IRA) fought a guerrilla war against British rule in Ireland in the Irish War of Independence 1919–1921. Following the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6 December 1921, the IRA in the 26 counties that were to become the Irish Free State split between supporters and opponents of the Treaty. The anti-Treatyites, sometimes referred to by Free State forces as irregulars, continued to use the name Irish Republican Army (IRA) or in Irish Óglaigh na hÉireann, as did the organisation in the Northern Ireland which supported the pro-Treaty side. Óglaigh na hÉireann was also adopted as the name of the pro-Treaty National Army and remains the official legal title of the Irish Defence Forces. This article deals with the anti-Treaty IRA that fought the Irish Civil War and was defeated by the Irish Free State forces and with its successors up to 1969, when the IRA split again.
Read more about Irish Republican Army (1922–1969): The IRA Split, The Civil War, Ideology of The Post-Civil War IRA, The IRA From 1926 To 1936: Flirtations With Socialism, Legalisation and Renewed Repression: The 1930s and 1940s, The IRA During World War II, The Border Campaign, The 1960s: Marxist Tendency and The 1969 Split
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