Intentional Stance

The intentional stance is a term coined by philosopher Daniel Dennett for the level of abstraction in which we view the behavior of a thing in terms of mental properties. It is part of a theory of mental content proposed by Dennett, which provides the underpinnings of his later works on free will, consciousness, folk psychology, and evolution.

"Here is how it works: first you decide to treat the object whose behavior is to be predicted as a rational agent; then you figure out what beliefs that agent ought to have, given its place in the world and its purpose. Then you figure out what desires it ought to have, on the same considerations, and finally you predict that this rational agent will act to further its goals in the light of its beliefs. A little practical reasoning from the chosen set of beliefs and desires will in most instances yield a decision about what the agent ought to do; that is what you predict the agent will do." (Daniel Dennett, The Intentional Stance, p. 17)

Read more about Intentional Stance:  Dennett's Three Levels, Memes, Objections and Replies

Other articles related to "intentional stance, stance, intentional":

Shaun Gallagher - Interaction Theory
... Daniel Dennett referred to this tendency as taking an “intentional stance” toward things where we assume they have intentions in order to aid in the prediction of future behavior ... there is an important distinction between taking an “intentional stance” toward something and entering a “shared world” with it ... The intentional stance is a detached and functional theory we resort to during interpersonal interactions ...
The Naturalization Of Intentionality - Alternative Theories
... The intentional stance Daniel C ... Dennett’s theory of mental content, the intentional stance, tries to view the behavior of things in terms of mental properties ... The most tangible is the physical stance, which is at the level of physics and chemistry ...
Theory Of Mind - Philosophical Roots
... mirror neurons is as an instrumental tool that can be used to guess the meaning of intentional behavior by producing a model of that behavior which can be placed into context ... Daniel Dennett referred to this tendency as taking an “intentional stance” toward things where we assume they have intentions in order to aid in the prediction of future ... However, there is an important distinction between taking an “intentional stance” toward something and entering a “shared world” with it ...
Intentional Stance - Objections and Replies
... The claim is that we don't just imagine the intentional states of other people in order to predict their behaviour the fact that they have thoughts and feelings just like we do is central to ... are on but no one’s home." According to the intentional systems theory (IST), Jones and the robot have precisely the same beliefs and desires, but this is claimed to be false ... This development significantly undermines the claims of the intentional stance argument ...

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