Intelligent design (ID) is a form of creationism promulgated by the Discovery Institute. The Institute defines it as the proposition that "certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection." It is a contemporary adaptation of the traditional teleological argument for the existence of God, presented by its advocates as "an evidence-based scientific theory about life's origins" rather than "a religious-based idea". The leading proponents of intelligent design are associated with the Discovery Institute, a politically conservative think tank, and believe the designer to be the Christian deity.
Intelligent design seeks to redefine science in a fundamental way that would invoke supernatural explanations, an approach its proponents describe as theistic realism or theistic science. It puts forward a number of arguments, the most prominent of which are irreducible complexity and specified complexity, in support of the existence of a designer. The scientific community rejects the extension of science to include supernatural explanations in favor of continued acceptance of methodological naturalism, and has rejected both irreducible complexity and specified complexity for a wide range of conceptual and factual flaws. Intelligent design is seen as a pseudoscience in the scientific community, because it lacks empirical support, supplies no tentative hypotheses, and resolves to describe natural history in terms of scientifically untestable supernatural causes.
Intelligent design was developed by a group of American creationists who revised their argument in the creation–evolution controversy to circumvent court rulings such as the United States Supreme Court Edwards v. Aguillard ruling, which barred the teaching of "Creation Science" in public schools as breaching the separation of church and state. The first publication of the phrase "intelligent design" in its present use as an alternative term for creationism was in Of Pandas and People, a 1989 textbook intended for high-school biology classes. From the mid-1990s, intelligent design proponents were supported by the Discovery Institute, which, together with its Center for Science and Culture, planned and funded the "intelligent design movement". They advocated inclusion of intelligent design in public school biology curricula, leading to the 2005 Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District trial, where U.S. District Judge John E. Jones III ruled that intelligent design is not science, that it "cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and thus religious, antecedents", and that the school district's promotion of it therefore violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Other articles related to "intelligent design, intelligent":
... The status of intelligent design in Australia is somewhat similar to that in the UK (see Education in Australia) ... Education Minister, Brendan Nelson, raised the notion of intelligent design being taught in science classes, the public outcry caused the minister to quickly concede that the correct forum for ...
... Intelligent design models are also rejected as are certain aspects of Islamic creationism that some modernist religious bodies have postulated ... process and that it would be incorrect to say (as Creationism/Intelligent design suggests) that God formed the human being in an instant ...
... speak privately of grave concerns about a game which seems to further the idea of intelligent design under the badge of science, and they bristle at its willingness to use words like "evolution" and "mutatio ... Will Wright argues that developers "put the player in the role of an intelligent designer," because of the lack of emotional engagement of early prototype focusing on ... Intelligent design advocate Michael Behe of Lehigh University reviewed the game and said that Spore "has nothing to do with real science or real evolution — neither Darwinian nor ...
... The pro-intelligent design organization, the Discovery Institute, states that Science, Evolution, and Creationism "completely misrepresent intelligent design" and "exaggerates the success of evolution" ... definitive statement from a leading scientific authority about the scientific bankruptcy of intelligent design creationism." ...
... a signatory to the Discovery Institute intelligent design campaign A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism and Physicians and Surgeons who Dissent from Darwinism ... Egnor responded by posting an essay on the Discovery Institute's intelligent design blog claiming that evolution was irrelevant to medicine ...
Famous quotes containing the words design and/or intelligent:
“I begin with a design for a hearse.
For Christs sake not black
nor white eitherand not polished!
Let it be weatheredlike a farm wagon”
—William Carlos Williams (18831963)
“Is an intelligent human being likely to be much more than a large-scale manufacturer of misunderstanding?”
—Philip Roth (b. 1933)