Ingvar Runestones

The Ingvar Runestones (Swedish: Ingvarstenarna) is the name of c. 26 Varangian Runestones that were raised in commemoration of those who died in the Swedish Viking expedition to the Caspian Sea of Ingvar the Far-Travelled.

The Ingvar expedition was the single Swedish event that is mentioned on most runestones, and in number, they are only surpassed by the c. 30 Greece Runestones and the c. 30 England Runestones. It was a fateful expedition taking place between 1036 and 1041 with many ships. The Vikings came to the south-eastern shores of the Caspian Sea, and they appear to have taken part in the Battle of Sasireti, in Georgia. Few returned, as many died in battle, but most of them, including Ingvar, died of disease.

The expedition was also immortalized as a saga on Iceland in the 11th century, the Yngvars saga víðförla, and in the Georgian chronicle Kartlis tsovreba, where king Julfr of the saga corresponds to king Baghrat IV.

Beside the Tillinge Runestone in Uppland and a rune stone on Gotland, the Ingvar Runestones are the only remaining runic inscriptions that mention Serkland. Below follows a presentation of the runestones, but additional runestones that are associated with the expedition are: Sö 360, U 513, U 540, U 785, Vs 1-2, Vs 18 and Vg 184.

The transcriptions into Old Norse are in the Swedish and Danish dialect to facilitate comparison with the inscriptions, while the English translation provided by Rundata gives the names in the de facto standard dialect (the Icelandic and Norwegian dialect):


Other articles related to "ingvar runestones, runestone, runestones, ingvar":

Ingvar Runestones - Östergötland - Ög 155
... It is located in Sylten, and it is the southernmost of the Ingvar runestones ... a word for "half" but it could also mean "troop." It only appears in one additional runestone, which is located at the church of Dagsberg in Östergötland (see Ög 145) ... of the Viking Age and the only additional runestone where it appears is on U 516 (although damaged or unclear inscriptions on runestones Sö 14, G 65, and Norway's N 331 also have words translated as the name ...
Ragnvald Ingvarsson
... He may appear on several runestones, some of which suggest that he was the son of an Ingvar connecting him to the Jarlabanke clan ... This Ragnvaldr is identified with the Ragnvaldr whose death is announced on the runestones U 309 and U 310, which makes him the son of Ingvar of the ... The inscription U 310 was made on the orders of Ingvar's second wife Estrid (Ástríðr, Æstriðr), who was not the mother of Ragnvaldr U 309 Sigviðr and Ingvarr and Jarlabanki ...
Ingvar Runestones - Södermanland - Sö 179
... The Gripsholm Runestone is one of the Serkland Runestones and it is in style Fp ... It is located beside the drive of Gripsholm Castle together with another runestone from the 11th century, Sö 178, but their original location is unknown ... The runestone was discovered in the early 1820s by Wallin, the caretaker of the castle, and it was then forming the threshold of the cellar of the eastern tower of the castle, the so-called "the ...