Infant Cognitive Development - Piaget


According to Jean Piaget's theory of development there are four stages of cognitive development. The first stage is the Sensorimotor Stage, which starts at birth and extends until the infant is about 2 years of age. During this stage infants gain knowledge through actions that allow them to directly experience and manipulate objects around them. They also gain practical knowledge about the effects of their actions, such as grasping or pushing objects. A major mile stone in this stage is object permanence, which occurs at the end of the stage, where the infant realizes that just because they can't see an object it does not mean that it does not exist.

The second stage is called the "Preoperational Stage" and appears between birth and two years old. In this stage children are just beginning to develop their thinking skills and can use words, symbols and images to represent the world.

The third stage starts at about the age of 7. This is called the Concrete Operational Stage. This is where the child becomes logical, but is only tied to concrete activities and tasks, meaning they can produce relationships and think in a sequence.

Then when the child enters adolescence, they move on to the final stage, called the "Formal Operational Stage". This is where the child can think abstractly—understanding algebra, for example.

Read more about this topic:  Infant Cognitive Development

Other articles related to "piaget":

Genetic Epistemology - Piaget's Schema Theory
... Piaget draws on the full range of contemporary mathematical knowledge, a vast empirical base of observation of the learning of very young children built up at his ... Piaget's proof of this is striking, and his demonstration of how the stages of development in child thought pass through a specific series which is deductive ... However, from the standpoint of understanding development (and this is Piaget's standpoint), what is important is not the definition of each stage but the ...
Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development - Nature of Intelligence: Operative and Figurative Intelligence - Sensorimotor Stage
... Piaget divided the sensorimotor stage into six sub-stages"from birth until the age of two, infants have only senses vision, hearing, and motor skills, such as grasping, sucking, and stepping ... In this stage according to Piaget, the development of object permanence is one of the most important accomplishments at the sensorimotor stage ... Three primary reflexes are described by Piaget sucking of objects in the mouth, following moving or interesting objects with the eyes, and closing of the hand when an object makes contact with the palm (palmar grasp) ...
Child Development - Theories - Piaget - Piaget Stages
... During this early stage, the child learns about himself and his environment through motor and reflex actions ... Thought derives from sensation and movement ...
Piaget - Other Uses
... Piaget's theory of cognitive development, a theory about the nature and development of human intelligence Piaget SA, a Swiss watchmaker and jeweler Piaget Building, a building in New York ...