The Indian Penal Code formulated by the British during the British Raj in 1860, forms the backbone of criminal law in India. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 governs the procedural aspects of the criminal law.
Jury trials were abolished by the government in 1960 on the grounds they would be susceptible to media and public influence. This decision was based on an 8-1 acquittal of Kawas Nanavati in K. M. Nanavati vs. State of Maharashtra, which was overturned by higher courts.
In February 2011, the Supreme Court of India ruled that criminal defendants have a constitutional right to counsel.
Capital punishment in India is legal. The last execution was conducted in 2012, when was hanged for the terrorist attack in Mumbai in 2008.
Read more about this topic: Indian Law
... The criminal laws against male homosexuality were initially a product of British colonialism, with a maximum sentence of life imprisonment ... – 1980s, there was a public debate about whether or not to reform the law in line with human rights principles ... was established, 21 for gay men and 16 for heterosexuals, with the law remaining silent about lesbianism ...
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... Criminal offences (that can lead to arrest and imprisonment) are enumerated in the Thai Penal Code (or Criminal Code) as well as numerous other statutes ... Criminal procedures are outlined in the Criminal Procedure Code ... Other narcotics laws include the Psychotropic Substances Act BE 2518 (AD 1975) and the Narcotics Control Act BE 2519 (AD 1976) ...
... Public international law deals extensively and increasingly with criminal conduct that is heinous and ghastly enough to affect entire societies and regions ... The formative source of modern international criminal law was the Nuremberg trials following the Second World War in which the leaders of Nazism were prosecuted for their part in ... The Nuremberg trials marked the beginning of criminal fault for individuals, where individuals acting on behalf of a government can be tried for ...
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