The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, literally "navy of the greater Japanese empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1869 until 1947, when it was dissolved following Japan's constitutional renunciation of the use of force as a means of settling international disputes. The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) was formed after the dissolution of the IJN.
The Japanese Navy was the third largest navy in the world by 1920, behind the Royal Navy and United States Navy. It was supported by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service for aircraft and airstrike operation from the fleet. It was the primary opponent of the Western Allies in the Pacific War.
The origins of the Imperial Japanese Navy go back to early interactions with nations on the Asian continent, beginning in the early medieval period and reaching a peak of activity during the 16th and 17th centuries at a time of cultural exchange with European powers during the Age of Discovery. After two centuries of stagnation during the country's ensuing seclusion policy under the shoguns of the Edo period, Japan's navy was comparatively backward when the country was forced open to trade by American intervention in 1854. This eventually led to the Meiji Restoration. Accompanying the re-ascendance of the Emperor came a period of frantic modernization and industrialization. The navy's history of successes, sometimes against much more powerful foes as in the Sino-Japanese war and the Russo-Japanese War, ended in almost complete annihilation during the concluding days of World War II, largely by the United States Navy (USN).
Read more about Imperial Japanese Navy: Origins, Creation of The Imperial Japanese Navy (1869), Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), Suppression of The Boxer Rebellion (1900), Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905), Towards An Autonomous National Navy, World War I, Interwar Years, World War II, Self-Defense Forces
16 March Japan Uraga Dock Company Uraga Abukuma Nagara-class cruiser For Imperial Japanese Navy 31 March USA William Cramp and Sons Philadelphia S-43 S-class submarine For ... S-46 S-class submarine For United States Navy 12 September Norway Trondhjems mekaniske Værksted Trondheim Nordnorge Cargo liner For Ofotens ...
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... of World War II and Japan's subsequent occupation, Japan's entire imperial military was dissolved in the new 1947 constitution which states, "The Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the ...
... Yarrow Shipbuilders Glasgow Ambuscade Destroyer For Royal Navy 27 January United Kingdom John I Thornycroft Ltd Woolston Amazon Destroyer For Royal Navy 14 February Italy Cantiere Navale Triestino Monfalcone Monte ... Kingdom Vickers Armstrongs Ltd Barrow in Furness Oxley Odin-class submarine For Royal Navy 12 July Japan Sasebo Naval Arsenal Sasebo Mikazuki Mutsuki-cla ...
Famous quotes containing the words navy, imperial and/or japanese:
“I call to mind the navy great
That the Greeks brought to Troye town,
And how the boistous winds did beat
Their ships, and rent their sails adown;
Till Agamemnons daughters blood
Appeased the gods that them withstood.”
—Henry Howard, Earl Of Surrey (1517?1547)
“Their bodies are buried in peace; but their name liveth for evermore.”
—Apocrypha. Ecclesiasticus, 44:14.
The line their name liveth for evermore was chosen by Rudyard Kipling on behalf of the Imperial War Graves Commission as an epitaph to be used in Commonwealth War Cemeteries. Kipling had himself lost a son in the fighting.
“No human being can tell what the Russians are going to do next, and I think the Japanese actions will depend much on what Russia decides to do both in Europe and the Far Eastespecially in Europe.”
—Franklin D. Roosevelt (18821945)