Ice hockey is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. In countries where the sport is very popular it is known simply as "hockey"; however, the name ice hockey is used in countries where the word hockey is generally reserved for another form of the sport, such as field hockey or roller hockey. The game is played between two teams with six players (Five Skaters and a Goalie) on the ice. A team usually consists of four lines of three forwards, three pairs of defencemen, and two goalies. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Each team has a goaltender who tries to stop the puck from going into the goal or "net."
A fast-paced physical sport, hockey is most popular in areas of North America (particularly in Canada and northern parts of the United States) and Europe that are sufficiently cold for natural reliable seasonal ice cover. With the advent of indoor artificial ice rinks hockey has become a year-round pastime in some areas. In North America, the National Hockey League (NHL) is the highest level for men, and the most popular. It is the official national winter sport of Canada, where the game enjoys immense popularity. The first organized game was played on March 3, 1875 in Montreal, Canada.
While there are 68 total members of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), 162 of 177 medals at the IIHF World Championships have been taken by these seven nations: Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden and the United States. Of the 66 medals awarded in men's competition at the Olympic level from 1920 on, only six medals did not go to the one of those countries. All 12 Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals have gone to one of these seven countries, and every gold medal in both competitions has been won by either Canada or the United States.
Read more about Ice Hockey: History, Equipment, Injury, Game, Penalties, Officials, Periods and Overtime, Women's Ice Hockey, Pond Hockey, Ice Hockey in Popular Culture, Attendance Records, Number of Registered Players By Country
Other articles related to "ice hockey, hockey":
... The success of the men's ice hockey tournament has spawned "Beanpot" tournaments in other sports, including women's ice hockey, baseball (with the University of Massachusetts Amherst replacing Boston University ... The Women's Ice Hockey Beanpot takes place each year on the first two Tuesdays in February, one day after their male counterparts ... These typically occur the same time of year as the hockey beanpot ...
... Number of registered hockey players, including male, female and junior, provided by the respective countries' federations ...
... in Scarborough, Ontario) is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey centre ... Drafted from the Ontario Hockey League's Oshawa Generals, Fraser played three seasons in the American Hockey League with the Capital District Islanders before being called up to the National Hockey League ... Fraser returned to England in 2006 with the Newcastle Vipers in the Elite Ice Hockey League ...
... (born 24 April 1967 in Härnösand, Sweden) is a retired Swedish ice hockey player ... Among the clubs he played for are Bodens IK, Luleå HF and Modo Hockey ... He has also appeared 47 times in the Swedish national ice hockey team, and participated in 1988 Winter Olympics, where the team took the bronze medal ...
... He received the International Ice Hockey Federation Directorate’s Award of the tournament’s Best Netminder when GB won the gold medal in the 2004 World under-18 Championships (Div II) in Lithuania, and he ... as their starting goalie, winning the double- English Premier Ice Hockey League and Playoff title in his first season ... for the Edinburgh Capitals, earning himself his first starting role in the Elite Ice Hockey League ...
Famous quotes containing the word ice:
“Line in nature is not found;
Unit and universe are round;
In vain produced, all rays return;
Evil will bless, and ice will burn.
As Uriel spoke with piercing eye,
A shudder ran around the sky;”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)