Hyksos


The Hyksos or Hycsos ( /ˈhɪksɒs/; Egyptian heqa khasewet, "foreign rulers"; Greek Ὑκσώς, Ὑξώς, Arabic: الملوك الرعاة, shepherd kings) were an Asiatic people who took over the eastern Nile Delta, ending the thirteenth dynasty, and initiating the Second Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt.

The Hyksos first appeared in Egypt c.1800 BC, during the eleventh dynasty, began their climb to power in the thirteenth dynasty, and came out of the second intermediate period in control of Avaris and the Delta. By the fifteenth dynasty, they ruled Lower Egypt, and at the end of the seventeenth dynasty, they were expelled (c.1560 BC). The Hyksos may have introduced the horse-drawn chariot into Egypt.

The historian Josephus maintains that the Hyksos were in fact the children of Jacob who joined his son Joseph to escape the famine in the land of Canaan in the book of Exodus.

Read more about HyksosOrigins of The Hyksos, Hyksos 15th Dynasty, Was There A Hyksos Invasion?, Later Times

Other articles related to "hyksos":

Sobekhotep IV's Rule Over A Divided Egypt With The Hyksos
... over a united Egypt by his reign and that parts of the Delta region was already ruled by the Hyksos king named Khyan ... to contain 41 sealings showing the cartouche of the Hyksos ruler Khyan together with 9 sealings naming the 13th dynasty king Sobekhotep IV ... Khyan was actually one of the earlier Hyksos kings and may not have been succeeded by Apophis—who was the second last king of the Hyksos kingdom—2 ...
Origins Of The Hyksos
... The Hyksos rulers of the fifteenth dynasty of Egypt were of non-Egyptian origin ... Most archaeologists describe the Hyksos as as a mix of Asiatic peoples, suggested by recorded names such as Khyan and Sakir-Har that resemble Asiatic names, and pottery finds that resemble Palestinian pottery ... The name Hyksos was used by the Egyptian historian Manetho (ca ...
Military History Of Ancient Egypt - The Second Intermediate Period
13th dynasty, a Canaanite tribe called the Hyksos sacked Memphis (the Egyptians capital city) and claimed dominion over Upper and Lower Egypt ... After the Hyksos took control, many Egyptians fled to Thebes, where they eventually began to oppose the Hyksos rule ... The Hyksos, Asiatics from the Northeast, set up a fortified capital at Avaris ...
Hyksos - Later Times
... The Hyksos continued to play a role in Egyptian literature as a synonym for "Asiatic" down to Hellenistic times ... led the Egyptian priest and historian Manetho to identify the coming of the Hyksos with the sojourn in Egypt of Joseph and his brothers, and led to some ... It may also indicate that the "expulsion" of the Hyksos reported in the Egyptian records mainly refers to the expulsion of the Semitic rulers and military/political elite and does not indicate a ...
Salitis
... Salitis was the first king of the Hyksos to rule Northern Egypt ... Northern Egypt was controlled by Hyksos rulers throughout the Dynasty ... The Hyksos were people of Semitic origin who were thought to have invaded Egypt through the Sinai Peninsula and settled in the Delta ...