Hydraulics

Hydraulics is a topic in applied science and engineering dealing with the mechanical properties of liquids. At a very basic level hydraulics is the liquid version of pneumatics. Fluid mechanics provides the theoretical foundation for hydraulics, which focuses on the engineering uses of fluid properties. In fluid power, hydraulics is used for the generation, control, and transmission of power by the use of pressurized liquids. Hydraulic topics range through some part of science and most of engineering modules, and cover concepts such as pipe flow, dam design, fluidics and fluid control circuitry, pumps, turbines, hydropower, computational fluid dynamics, flow measurement, river channel behavior and erosion.

Free surface hydraulics is the branch of hydraulics dealing with free surface flow, such as occurring in rivers, canals, lakes, estuaries and seas. Its sub-field open channel flow studies the flow in open channels.

The word "hydraulics" originates from the Greek word ὑδραυλικός (hydraulikos) which in turn originates from ὕδωρ (hydor, Greek for water) and αὐλός (aulos, meaning pipe).

Read more about Hydraulics:  Ancient and Medieval Era

Other articles related to "hydraulics, hydraulic":

Hydraulics - Modern Era (c. 1600–1870) - In The UK
... Several cities developed city-wide hydraulic power networks in the 19th century, to operate machinery such as lifts, cranes, capstans and the like ... In London, the London Hydraulic Power Company was a major supplier its pipes serving large parts of the West End of London, City and the Docks, but ...
Hubert Chanson - Research
... Chanson authored several books among which Hydraulic Design of Stepped Cascades, Channels, Weirs and Spillways (Pergamon, 1995), Air Bubble Entrainment in Free-Surface Turbulent Shear Flows (Academic Press, 1997 ... The textbook The Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow An Introduction has already been translated into Chinese (Hydrology Bureau of Yellow River Conservancy Committee ...
Automation Studio - Libraries Features - AS Pneumatics
... AS Pneumatics is similar to AS Hydraulics, but the simulation is done for gas rather than fluids ... This library, like AS Hydraulics, is used to design and test models ... Thus, the simulation elements that are used are not the same as those in the hydraulics library ...
Specific Force - Hydraulics
... In open channel hydraulics, specific force has a different meaning where is the discharge per unit width and is the flow depth ...
Theodor Rehbock
... Heinrich Rehbock (12 April 1864, Amsterdam – 17 August 1950, Baden-Baden) was a German hydraulics engineer, and professor at the University of Karlsruhe ... Rehbock performed studies on water supply and hydraulic engineering in many countries ... In 1899, Rehbock became professor of hydraulics at the University of Karlsruhe ...