Human Nature

Human nature refers to the distinguishing characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling and acting, that humans tend to have naturally, i.e. independently of the influence of culture. The questions of what these characteristics are, what causes them, and how fixed human nature is, are amongst the oldest and most important questions in western philosophy. These questions have particularly important implications in ethics, politics, and theology. This is partly because human nature can be regarded as both a source of norms of conduct or ways of life, as well as presenting obstacles or constraints on living a good life. The complex implications of such questions are also dealt with in art and literature, while the multiple branches of the Humanities together form an important domain of inquiry into human nature, and the question of what it means to be human.

The branches of contemporary science associated with the study of human nature include anthropology, sociology, sociobiology, and psychology, particularly evolutionary psychology, and developmental psychology. The "nature versus nurture" debate is a broadly inclusive and well-known instance of a discussion about human nature in the natural sciences.

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Human Nature - Psychology and Biology - Arguments For Social Malleability
... of Wellington is said to have become indignant upon hearing someone refer to habit as "second nature." He replied, "It is ten times nature!" William James likewise referred to habit as ... In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke posits that the human mind is at birth a tabula rasa or blank slate, and that the individual has freedom to shape ... Different human societies have held very different moral codes ...
Andreas Röschlaub - Role in German Romantic Medicine - Debate On Human Nature
... The Enlightenment view of human nature was an essentially static one (the unique individual who could be perfected according to reason), that of Romantic medicine dynamic (man was unique, but also ... While the idea of the mutability of human nature had emerged in the 1700s, it took root in the "dynamization and historification of consciousness through ... (I, consciousness-organism) and object (outer world, nature) ...
Mortification In Roman Catholic Teaching - Pain, Human Nature, and Christ
... as a person (through the hypostatic union), to everything human (except sin), including pain ... that God, who in their view by his divine nature cannot change, has united with changing human nature, and therefore with human pain ... Christ's experience of pain (like all the human acts of Christ like sleeping, crying, speaking) whose subject is the divine Person is an infinite act ...
Seventh-day Adventist Theology - Trinitarian Development, Christology and Pneumatology - The Human Nature of Jesus Christ
... whether Jesus Christ took on a fallen or an unfallen nature in the Incarnation which was precipitated by the publication of Questions on Doctrine in 1957, which some ... Adventist doctrine is that He took "man's nature in its fallen condition," but yet "Christ did not in the least participate in its sin", which shows Christ with post fall ... (until 1950) believed that Jesus Christ was born with a human nature that was not only physically frail and subject to temptation, but that he also had sinful inclinations and desires ...
The Red Queen: Sex And The Evolution Of Human Nature
... The Red Queen Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature (ISBN 0-140-16772-2) is a popular science book by Matt Ridley exploring the evolutionary psychology of sexual selection ... Queen argues that few, if any, aspects of human nature can be understood apart from sex, since human nature is a product of evolution, and evolution in our case is driven ...

Famous quotes related to human nature:

    Let those flatter, who fear: it is not an American art. To give praise where it is not due, might be well from the venal, but would ill beseem those who are asserting the rights of human nature.
    Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826)